As has been all too apparent in recent days at Balcombe, few issues cause greater concern than energy policy. Many village communities feel their countryside is being ruined by the power-producing machines of wind farms; yet they never take "direct action", even though the planning laws put them at a severe disadvantage. And the generous subsidies (财政补贴) , which encourage the expansion of wind power, are not favorable to the village communities and set landowners in conflict with other residents (居民) .
Those who disagree with the rapid expansion of wind farms state that the damage they cause is out of proportion(比例) to the benefits they bring, because their energy output cannot match that of the carbon-based power stations they are supposed to replace. Supporters insist that wind must be part of a mix of renewables, nuclear and carbon, and that the country is committed to meeting EU ( European Union) targets for non-carbon energy generation.
Against this background, the fact that there is an argument within the Government over whether to publish an official report on wind farms' impact on the countryside becomes even more extraordinary. The two parties in the coalition (联合) government are in disagreement over what it should say.
We have some advice for the two parties: publish the report, and let the country be the judge. Even if it contains evidence that wind farms are harmful, it will hardly be a pleasant surprise to people who do not like them. Equally, supporters must argue their case by acknowledging the concerns and explaining why they are either misplaced or worthy of much attention.
The suggestion that further negotiations are to take place to produce an "acceptable" report suggests that the politics of coalition government are doing the country harm in a certain way. Given the sensitivities involved, all the information should be available so that people can reach their own conclusions, rather than being left with the suspicion（猜疑）that facts are being replaced by political beliefs.
1．We can learn from the first paragraph that__________.
A．energy policy catches much attention of the public
B．the residents are in favor of the expansion of wind farms
C．many village communities are satisfied with the subsidies
D．the planning laws offer great benefits to the residents
2．Supporters think that the expansion of wind power____.
A．is more rapid than that of carbon-based power
B．guarantees an increase in energy output
C．is expected to be much better than that of nuclear power
D．agrees with EU targets for non-carbon energy generation
3．It can be inferred from the passage that____.
A．an official report will settle the energy problem
B．the two parties are divided over the issue of wind farms
C．the two parties have agreed on a further negotiation
D．political beliefs concerning energy issue go against facts
4．Which of the following reflects the author's opinion?
A．Increase political impact on energy policy.
B．Release a statement of supporters on wind farms.
C．Let the nation judge the facts about wind power.
D．Leave the two parties to reach their own conclusions.
Online purchases have soared during the Chinese New Year holiday．
It’s the dead of winter in Shanghai．Delivery man Liu Jia and his colleagues start the day when most of people are still asleep．Working at a distribution point of a shopping website in Shanghai, they promise to deliver products within three hours of an order being placed．“I buy most of my grocery online, especially the heavy items．It’s convenient and cheap compared to the supermarket in my neighborhood,” Customer Chen Hong said．Orders such as these have increased for the New Year, forcing Liu Jia to work around the clock．“The orders are usually rice, laundry detergent（洗涤剂）, tissue paper and snacks, mostly food and articles for everyday use,” Liu Jia said．
According to an industry report, China’s B2C （Business to Customer） online sales are growing at an annual rate of 25 percent．Competition between online giants like Taobao and Jingdong is now fiercer than ever．“The essence of online shopping is that customers can buy products easily．So the competition is about: firstly, the range of products; secondly, the depth under each category of products; third, the price and user experience,” Pan Biao, vice president of YHD．com, said．E-commerce is one of China’s fastest growing sectors．It’s changed people’s buying habits, and even their living habits．And it’s had a huge impact on the retail industry．To make online shopping more convenient, major sites are investing heavily to build payment systems and logistics（物流）networks．
On average, a retailer now can deliver goods to the majority of cities within 3 days, and to towns and more remote areas in the country within a week．“Competition will produce a number of good companies, making better products and services that customers need．In the field of E-commerce, we are leading the world in terms of products, services and industry development,” Liu Yinbin, associate professor with Dept of Information Management, Shanghai University, said．Experts also say customers are increasingly making their online purchases from mobile devices, opening up vast new opportunities and competition for retailers．
1．All of the following about Liu Jia are true EXCEPT that ________．
A．he works as an online store owner in Shanghai
B．he has to work around the clock to deliver so many products
C．he starts working when most of people are still asleep
D．he must deliver products within three hours of an order being placed
2．The possible meaning of the underlined word “essence” in Paragraph 3 is ________．
3．What can we learn from the passage?
A．Chen Hong buys most of her electronic products online．
B．Pan Biao encourages retailers to open up new chances．
C．China’s B2C online sales are growing at a rate of 25 percent．
D．Liu Yinbin thinks competition will help make better products and services．
4．Which of the following can be the best topic of the passage?
A．Customers like buying mobile devices．
B．Online shopping increases rapidly for Chinese New Year．
C．Most customers buy food and articles for everyday use．
D．Taobao and Jingdong are competing fiercely．