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2017届北京市朝阳区高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:北京试卷年份:2016年题数:23浏览数:5023解析人:易题库

一、单选题

报错
1.We have different language coursesyou can choose ______ if you like
A.one
B.it
C.each
D.either
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:327评分:
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2.You ______ write the poem downOur teacher will give us a copy soon
A.mustn’t
B.can’t
C.shouldn’t
D.needn’t
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3.He found it difficult to read______ he had a problem with his eyesight
A.but
B.for
C.or
D.so
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4.—Have you heard any news about Sarah
—Yesshe was promoted to president of her company______ surprised everyone
A.who
B.that
C.which
D.it
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:323评分:
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5.—Did you see Harry just now
—NoI ______ computer games
A.have played
B.am playing
C.had played
D.was playing
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:348评分:
报错
6.Don’t call me at the office ______ it is necessary
A.before
B.unless
C.although
D.till
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7.______ hard all dayI went to bed at 8 o’clock
A.Having worked
B.Working
C.To work
D.To have worked
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:328评分:
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8.—Are you a native of this town—I was born in New Yorkbut this is ______ I grew up
A.that
B.what
C.when
D.where
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:339评分:
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9.______ the suggestions will help to achieve your goal of a job in the medical profession
A.Followed
B.To follow
C.Following
D.Being followed
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:339评分:
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10.______ bothers me is that the young man seems to know a bit too much
A.Whether
B.What
C.Which
D.That
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:327评分:
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11.They are very glad that most of the people ______ gave very useful answers
A.questioned
B.questioning
C.to question
D.to be questioned
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:318评分:
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12.Ann ______ a certificate at the end of the program to show she has learned computer skills
A.will give
B.will be given
C.gave
D.was given
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:346评分:
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13.We still have the question of ______ they have discovered the trade secret
A.what
B.why
C.how
D.that
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14.Peter doesn’t smoke nowbut he ______ for almost twenty years
A.was smoking
B.had smoked
C.has smoked
D.smoked
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:346评分:
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15.I wish I ______ them about the projectNow it’s been canceled and they’re all disappointed
A.hadn’t told
B.didn’t tell
C.wouldn’t tell
D.wasn’t telling
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第二部分 非选择题

二、完形填空

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16.
The Macaroon Queen of India
  Pooja Dhingra is an Indian chef and businesswomanthe owner of macaroon bakery chain Le 15 Patisserie (西饼店) in MumbaiShe should have been a lawyerBut while studying __1__ at university in Mumbaishe decided to __2__ her major and do something more creative
  Dhingra’s father and her elder brother are both restaurant ownersRemembering helping her mother in the __3__ during her childhoodshe decided to work with food instead of legal casesShe __4__ her parents to let her attend a hospitality (招待) and management course in SwitzerlandThree years latershe went to Paris to learn the __5__ of French bakingThere her friends took her to one of the best macaroon shopsAfter just one __6__Dhingra determined that when she returned to Mumbai she would __7__ her own shopthe first of its kind in India
  After graduationshe started making macaroons in her parents’ kitchen__8__ it was a complete failureThe hot and wet weather in Mumbai made it __9__ to make delicious cakesIt took her around six months of research and 60 failed __10__ to finally get a favorite recipeYet being both young and female __11__ she faced extra challenges“The biggest problem was to get people to take you __12__” she says“For exampleif I had to buy machineryI would have to ask my father to make these calls for me
  Dhingra eventually opened her first shop in 2010To __13__ sales in a city where very few people knew what a macaroon wasDhingra gave away some __14__ macaroons to customerswhich made her cakes popular immediatelyShe continued __15__ new recipes“Once you know basic techniquesinventing recipes is very __16__” she said“All you need is an open __17__I get a lot of my ideas and __18__ from basic things around me
  Dhingra is the author of a best-selling cookery bookThe Big Book of TreatsShe also started running classes on how to make macaroons and other cakesIn 2016Dhingra __19__ her businessopening a new location called Le 15 CaféTodayas a professional bakerDhingra __20__ up one of India’s finest patisseries
1Aart               Blaw          Chistory      Dmedicine
2Aquit              Bcheck        Cenjoy        Dfollow
3Abedroom           Bbasement     Cstudy        Dkitchen
4Areminded          Bwarned       Cconvinced    Dallowed
5Atechniques        Bsituations   Cfunctions    Dresults
6Adrink             Bkick         Cbreath       Dbite
7Avisit             Bopen         Csell         Dname
8Aso                Bor           Cbut          Dfor
9Adifficult         Bunusual      Creasonable   Davailable
10Apreparations     Bmessages     Cprograms     Dattempts
11Aincluded         Bmeant        Cadmitted     Dexplained
12Aseriously        Bproperly     Cdifferently  Dpeacefully
13Aignore           Breport       Cpromote      Dexamine
14Astrange          Bmodern       Cfamous       Dfree
15Aintroducing      Bcreating     Cdemanding    Dprotecting
16Atypical          Bfamiliar     Csimple       Dregular
17Atask             Breply        Cmind         Dsecret
18Ainspiration      Bauthority    Cprogress     Dequipment
19Apreserved        Binspected    Cacquired     Dexpanded
20Acovers           Bheads        Cpicks        Dbrings
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:381评分:

三、阅读理解

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17.
A
Dear Sir
  I am writing to express my concern about the plans to build a motorway near our village
  Haldersham is one of the loveliest villages in EnglandIt is peaceful and quietand it is situated in a very attractive valleyThere are also several beautiful countryside walks in the surroundingswith a view of many rare trees and plants
  Most of the people who live in Haldersham have moved here from other placesoften from London and other big citiesThey have bought houses here to live in a place far away from the noise and the stress of the big cityThey paid a lot of money for their housesbut they knew they would get a high quality of life for it
  If the planned motorway is builtlife in Haldersham will change greatlyThere will be a lot of noise around usand nobody will want to go on the walksHouse prices will certainly go downbecause nobody will want to buy houses in a place close to a motorwayHaldersham will become an ugly place
  I don’t think any of the people living in this beautiful village want thatand we all believe exposure to noise pollution can have a direct influence on our healthSolet’s all tell the politicians who support the motorway plans what we think about them!
  Yours faithfully
  Hilary Riley
  Hilary Riley
1Many people move to Haldersham because ______
  Ait has a good environment
  Bit is not far away from big cities
  Cthey want to be a help to the village
  Dthey prefer to study rare plants in this area
2According to Hilary Rileya motorway will ______
  Acause high house prices
  Bbring people stress
  Cprovide a convenient life
  Daffect the quality of life
3What’s the purpose of the letter
  ATo give an introduction of Haldersham
  BTo show grateful thanks to the politicians
  CTo express disapproval about the motorway
  DTo offer suggestions on building the motorway
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:325评分:
报错
18.
B
What a Scientist Is Like
  If you were asked to imagine a scientistwhat image (形象) would come to your mindThe common idea that most kids from kindergarten through college have of a scientist is a man wearing a white lab coat with messy hairbig glassesand several glass cups of mysterious colorful liquids giving off clouds of smokeAs for adultsthe majority view scientists as strange people who spend 100 hours a week slaving away in a lonely laboratoryHoweverthe reality is quite different
  Recently I’ve had a chance to take part in a scientific experience far from my laboratory and into Costa RicaIt supports a huge amount of wildlife due to its geographical placement between North and South AmericaIt is home to more than 500000 species (物种)which represents nearly 4% of the total species worldwide!
  First we worked alongside conservationists to preserve wildlife at a leatherback turtle (棱皮龟) rescue centerWe helped the volunteers preserve turtle populations by removing rubbish from the shoreline to create a safe environment for turtle eggs to come outAfter that we stayed at Mount Arenal where we studied seismic activity relating to earthquakesDuring our stay at Arenalwe rode over the mountainous areas and took a long walk through the rainforestAfter reaching the topwe went down and through waterfalls to the beautiful valley below! On the last day we got a hands-on introduction to rocket science where we learned about new rocket technology that will be used on the international space station
  During my Costa Rica experienceI know that being a scientist doesn’t mean working in a lab all day and nightA scientist is one who loves learning and getting a better understanding of the world from helping preserve wild-lifelearning about earthquakes or inventing rocketsI think that schools should really stress that science is so much more than wearing a lab coat and mixing chemicalsKids need to be aware of the excitement and adventures science can bring!
1According to the first paragraphscientists are often believed ______
  Ato work as slaves
  Bto behave in a strange way
  Cto spend too much time in labs
  Dto do experiments in messy labs
2The author helped to preserve the turtle population by ______
  Acreating a safe nest for turtles
  Bpicking up rubbish on the shoreline
  Ccollecting the turtle eggs on the beach
  Dfinding a comfortable environment for turtles
3What does the author learn about science from his experience
  AScience is full of boring experiments
  BScience is more than working in a lab
  CScience is related to mysterious liquids
  DScience is about wildlife and earthquakes
4Why does the author write this passage
  ATo encourage kids to study science
  BTo tell the story of traveling in Costa Rica
  CTo expect more people to travel in Costa Rica
  DTo share the secrets behind science phenomena
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:345评分:
报错
19.
C
  Most of us have gone away from “mad men” in the streetonly to realize that they are in fact using a Bluetooth headsetNow a new University of Pennsylvania study shows that muttering can actually help people find lost objects—in other wordssaying the name of an object helps you find it more quickly
  Previous work has suggested that speaking aloud while performing step-by-step taskslike tying shoelaces (鞋带)can help kids guide their behavior and let them focus on the job in handHoweverscientists were not sure if speaking aloud when performing tasks could help adults in the same wayespecially when looking for particular objectsProfessor Gary Lupan and Daniel Swingleywriting for the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychologycarried out some experimentsThey hoped to give the fact that next time you lose your keysmuttering “keyskeyskeys” can in fact help you find them
  Inspired by viewing people muttering to themselves as they try to find things like peanut butter in a supermarketthe researchers conducted two experiments to see if this actually workedIn the firstparticipants were shown 20 pictures of various objects and were asked to find a certain onewith some seeing a text label (标签) telling them what they were looking forThese participants were then asked to search for the object again while saying the word to themselveswith results showing that saying it aloud helped people find the object more quickly
  The second experiment saw participants performing a shopping taskwhere they were shown photographs of items (物品) commonly found on supermarket shelvesThey were asked to find all examples of a particular itemso if they were asked for apples they had to find all the bags of applesas quickly as possibleThe researchers found that there was also an advantage in saying the name of the product aloud when they were searching for something familiar
  The University of Pennsylvania study shows that muttering can actually help people reach the target object—in other wordsmuttering to oneself helps to focus the mind on somethingIt works more effectively than seeing a written descriptionRepeating the word over and over again helps even more
1The second paragraph tells us that ______
  Amuttering helps people to control their behavior
  Bmuttering has the same effect on both kids and adults
  Cit is really hard to carry out the experiments on adults
  Dit is easier for kids to do step-by-step tasks by muttering
2According to the passagemuttering can help people in a way that ______
  Ait completely controls people’s mind
  Bit directly explains people’s behavior
  Cthey concentrate more on their job at hand
  Dthey reduce their pressure from their mind
3The two experiments mentioned in the passage show that ______
  Aparticipants were better at doing the shopping task
  Bit took the participants the same time to find the objects
  Cshowing pictures of the items helped find them more quickly
  Dparticipants saying aloud the word found the object more quickly
4What is the best title of the passage
  AEffects of Muttering
  BHow to Find Lost Objects
  CWhat to Mutter to Yourself
  DMethods of Remembering Objects
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报错
20.
D
Why I’ve taken a break from holidays
  It is now close to four years since I last took a holidayThis is because I have come to the conclusionover the course of my adult lifethat I am not very good at itYou might think this sounds like saying you’re not very good at drinking tea or listening to musicWhat could possibly be difficult about the natural act of putting your working life on hold for a couple of weeks and going somewhere warm to do nothing
  I was a model holidaymaker as a kidHoweverthe problems started during my twentiesA trip to the south of France was ended after just two daysmainly because I had an urge to check my e-mailsSimilarlymy honeymoon was cut short by 48 hours—not because my wife and I weren’t enjoying ourselvesbut because we were missing our cats
  So what is my problemOn the surfaceI’m probably a bit of a homebodyAnd I just find the pressure of being on holiday too severeit always feels like having a gun held to my head and being forced to have funSomehowpacking a list of possessions and meeting a scheduled flight has none of the excitement of suddenly deciding to take a day off and driving somewhere for the fun of it
  ThankfullyI’m not aloneThis summermost of my friends have decided not to have a breakAnd a recent survey (调查) proved the downside of holidayswith the results showing that nearly two thirds of people found that the calming effects of a holiday wore off within 24 hoursas stress levels returned to normalAnd this year The Idler magazine published its Book of Awful HolidaysHere you will find a list of the five most ecologically-damaging vacations it’s possible to takealong with 50 painful holiday experiences voted for on The Idler website
  What interests me is what the concept of a “holiday” says about our livesFor methe point of living is to have a life you enjoy for 52 weeks a yearThe more I like my life and the better I structure itthe less I want to go awayMaybe I’m an unusual person for not liking holidaysbut I just feel the time when I’m not working is too valuable to waste on them
1The events the author describes in the second paragraph show ______
  Ahow hard he has tried to enjoy holidays
  Bhow badly he behaves when he is on holiday
  Chis lack of enthusiasm for being on holiday
  Dhis fear of something bad when he is on holiday
2What does the author think of holidays
  AThey are often well organized in order to please other people
  BHe feels embarrassed when other people are having fun but he isn’t
  CHe tends to be made responsible for too much of the organization of them
  DThey are less enjoyable than breaks that have not been planned in advance
3The underlined word “downside” in the fourth paragraph probably means ______
  Aabsence    Bdamage    Cdisadvantage    Dconflict
4What is the author’s attitude towards “taking a holiday”
  ADisapproving
  BSupportive
  CNeutral
  DUnconcerned
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:357评分:

四、信息匹配

报错
21.
RecyclingBeyond the Dustbin
  Recycling is very important and necessary in today’s worldThe most important reason for this is that human progress and industry have made it possible for people to have lots of thingsand when people have many material possessionsthey are bound to throw some of them away___1___
  Recycling is a way for us to keep the world clean as items are broken down and used againpreventing the littering of the environmentInstead of throwing all your garbage into the dustbinyou should separate papermetalglassand plastic into different containers___2___ They can be turned into valuable compostwhich is the perfect plant food and soil disease fighter
  ___3___ You can see if an item has been made from recycled materials by its labelIf it’s been recycledit will say soAlso instead of always buying new clothesyou can arrange to have a clothing exchange with your friendsYou bring clothes you don’t want and pick items you want from what other people have broughtNot only does this save the environmentbut it also saves your money___4___ This saying can be applied to all sorts of thingsbooksCDsfurnitureetcAlso try shopping at second-hand storesbecause they often have lots of items still in good shape for you to choose
  Many countries have made it easy for people to recycleas alongside the normal garbage trucksspecial garbage trucks come and pick up recyclablesHoweverin some countries the responsibility is left up to the ordinary people to recycle___5___ Recycling represents just one way in which we can help the environmentBut it is an effective one and one that we can actively influence
AFallen leaves can also be recycled
BHaving too many things causes a lot of garbage
CYou should try to buy products that have been recycled
DProducts made with recycled materials are as good as new products
EThis creates a lot of garbage which in turn destroys the environment
FRememberwhat is one person’s unwanted object can be someone else’s treasure!
GThereforeit needs attention in society so we can continue to make our environment livable
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:381评分:

五、书面表达

报错
22.

假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华。校学生会将于本月底举办高中英语戏剧比赛,请根据以下信息,给你班的美国交换生Peter写封邮件,告知这件事。邮件的内容包括:
1.比赛的具体时间和地点;
2.比赛的目的;
3.恳请Peter参加。
注意:1.词数不少于50;
    2.邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Peter
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Yours

Li Hua

难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:248评分:
报错
23.假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍你和几位同学在“传承非物质文化遗产”活动期间参观毛猴艺术博物馆的完整过程,并以“Visiting the Museum of Hairy Monkeys”为题,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件。
注意:1.词数不少于60
    2.稿件的开头已给出,不计入总词数。
    提示词:毛猴 hairy monkey

Visiting the Museum of Hairy Monkeys
  Last week my classmates and I went to the museum of hairy monkeys for the activity of promoting intangible cultural heritage____________________________
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:326评分:
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