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2017届福建省厦门市翔安第一中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:福建试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:2807解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
  Ian Mercer doesnt set an alarm clockThe former Microsoft senior manager doesnt check the weathereitherHe doesnt turn on lightswater the yardor adjust the thermostat(恒温器).He doesnt open the curtainsanswer the phoneor call his children for dinnerTheres something unique about Ians homeHe has programmed it to do all these things for him
  Ian doesnt live in a typical home or have a typical lifestyleHe spent over a decade designing the systems that feature in his unique homeHe bought a home automation software package and then improved it
  Now there are 79 sensors and monitorsand 48 light switches in his homeLights turn on automatically in rooms with people in themEven being outIan can also control his home remotely using voice commands or his phone in any locationThat is only the beginning of what this home has been programmed to do
  It connects with online calendarscaller IDonline weather servicesonline address bootsand emailamong other thingsto get Ian through his dayFor exampleif there is a meeting in Ians calendarit will wake him upopen his bedroom curtainsstart and set his shower to his desired temperatureIt also informs Ian about traffic conditions
  There is plenty more this home has been programmed to doIt keeps him updated on his favorite sports teams and scoresIt even monitors online activity to check that Ians children are doing their homeworkThe dinners ready command stops operation of their computers and TVsThis is easier than asking his children to shut them down
  Ians home is uniqueMost homes are not this smartbut soon more homes will be technologically advanced
1What makes Ians home unique?
  AHaving more furniture than usual
  BBeing programmed with smart software
  CCreating a traditional atmosphere for Ian
  DWorking automatically without Ians order
2What can we learn about Ian?
  AHe invented the home automation software
  BHe devoted years to improving the systems
  CHe is seeking to control his home remotely
  DHe failed to monitor his childrens homework
3What does the underlined sentence imply?
  ASmart homes are future trends
  BIans home is far from satisfaction
  CTechnology of smart home is too expensive
  DHomes smarter than Ians can be found everywhere
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:489评分:
报错
2.
B
  A tailgate party is a social event held on and around the open tailgate of a vehicleTailgatingwhich originated in the United Statesoften involves consuming alcoholic drinks and frilling foodTailgate parties usually occur in the parking lots at stadiumsbefore and occasionally after games and concertsPeople attending such a party are said to be tailgatingMany people participate even if their vehicles do not have tailgates
  The idea for eating out of the back of a car may have started in 1866 with Charles Goodnighta Texas farmerHe noticed that the cowboys he employed needed a way to eat on the roadso he transformed a USArmy wagon(马车) into a mobile kitchenTherehungry workers could eatrelaxand socialize after a long day of working
  Nowadayspeople tailgate for lots of reasonseverything from college football games to Jimmy Buffet concertsIn schools and communitiessome athletic departmentscoaches and parents of student athletes rely on post-game tailgating parties to build community and support for their program and team
  What people consider essentials(必备)for tailgating spreads isnt the same across the countryDifferent areas of the country have their own favorite foods for tailgatingWhile foods like burgers and chips may be common everywheresome areas have specialtiesFor instancethose in Louisiana may consider jambalaya a tailgating mustwhile those in the Midwest simply cant go without bratsAnd the West Coast? Dont be surprised to see grilled fish or pastaWhile dishes may differ from area to areaone thing is the same across the country: beer
1Why did Charles Goodnight invent a mobile kitchen?
  ATo show off his cooking skills
  BTo build a canteen
  CTo celebrate the armys victory
  DTo attract more cowboys
2What can we learn about tailgate parties?
  AThey are usually held before concerts
  BThey are mainly held for cowboys
  CThey are also occasions to make friends
  DThey are meant for football teams
3What do people think a must for all tailgate parties?
  ABeer    BSports    CMusic    DVehicles with tailgates
4What is the last paragraph mainly about?
  AThe spread of tailgating
  BThe popularity of jambalaya
  CFavorite foods on tailgate parties
  DNecessary equipment for tailgating
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:570评分:
报错
3.
C
  In this influential work about the surprising divide between children and the outdoorschild supporter expert Richard Louv directly links the lack of nature in the lives of todays wired generation---he calls it nature-deficit(赤字)----to some of the most disturbing childhood trendssuch as the rises in obesityattention disordersand depression
  Last Child in the Woods is the first book to bring together a new and growing body of research indicating that direct exposure to nature is essential for healthy childhood development and for the physical and emotional health of children and adultsMore than just raising an alarmLouv offers practical solutions and simple ways to heal the broken bond---and many are right in our own backyard
  This new edition reflects the great changes that have taken place since the book was originally publishedIt includes:
  100 actions you can take to create change in your communityschooland family
  35 discussion points to inspire people of all ages to talk about the importance of nature in their lives
  A new progress report by the author about the growing Leave No Child Inside movement
  New and updated research confirming that direct exposure to nature is essential for the physical and emotional health of children and adults
  Last Child in the Woods: Saving our Children from Nature Deficit Disorder has promoted a national dialogue among educatorshealth professionalparentsdevelopers and conservationistsThis is a book that will change the way you think about the future of your children
1What does the word bondin Paragraph 2 refer to?
  AExposure to nature
  BChildhood development
  CParent-child relationship
  DConnection between children and nature
2What does the book focus on in childrens growth?
   AOutside activities
   BPhysical labor
   COverweight problems
   DSchool performances
3What is added to the new edition?
  AWebsite links and related videos
  BVivid pictures and personal examples
  CTraining courses and expert supports
  DLatest research and practical instructions
4Where is the passage from?
  AA science report
  BA book review
  CA fairy tale
  DA guide book
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:492评分:
报错
4.
D
  To have a second child or notthis is a question
  A concern about only one child is whether one child necessarily means a lonely childMany parents of only child feel guilty of their decision to have only one childThere are no other children in the family for the child to associate withwhich may lead to the child feeing lonely at times
  Another common argument against having just one child may be more spoiled than one with siblingsMany people believe that a single child will not have learned to negotiate with othersand respect the give-and-take involved in many relationshipsSome think this may leave the child less capable of interacting well with people his or her own age
  Despite these argumentsthe number of parents choosing to have only one child is increasing in the worldFor some single-child parentsthe pressures of devoting time and energy to a second child can result in them selecting have no more childrenFor other parentsthe financial burden of having a second child may be the major considerationAnother important consideration is the increasing age at which women give birth to children
  Advocates of single-child families argue that there are advantages for the child as well as the parentsWith just one childthe parents can giveand the child can receivemore quality time and attention
  Howeverthere is no simple answer to the question of whether or not to have a second childThe circumstances affecting each set of parents are uniqueThe important thingin the endis to make a decision that both the wife and the husband feel confident
1What are the advantages of children with brothers or sisters?
  ALess pressure and better energy
  BMore respect and greater family wealth
  CHigher intelligence and more attention
  DLess loneliness and better social competence
2What prevent some parents from having a second child according to the passage?
  AWork pressures
  BLimited timeenergy and money
  CThe health and wealth of the first child
  DThe negotiations between parents and children
3What can we learn from the passage?
  AThe birth of a second child makes many parents guilty
  BThe number of single-child parents is decreasing
  CNowadays women delay giving birth to children
  DFamily circumstances have little effect on parents decision
4How is the passage developed?
  ABy providing examples
  BBy listing suggestions
  CBy offering descriptions
  DBy analyzing reasons
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:569评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。请注意:本题答案也一律涂在机读卡上,填在其他地方不得分。
PS:若你的答案选E项,则涂AB;选F项,则涂CD;选G项,则涂AC
  Do you have any problem with time? Start doing these and you will see the difference
  Write it down
  Dont rely on your memory to keep track of every little detail_____1___ Write down the things you need to do in a small notebookor use online tool to create and update your to-do list
  ____2____
  Working for long periods without a break can waste your timeIt is more efficient to work or study for a shorter period of timetake a breakand then go back to workYou may get more done in tow focused 45-minute sessions
   One thing at a time
  ____3____ Do one thing at a timeand do it wellAs the Chinese proverb says,“One cannot manage too many affairsLike pumpkins in the waterone pops up while you try to hold down the other.”
   Schedule email time
  On your cell phone you get a notification every time someone sends you can emailIf soyou have to check your email manymany times a day____4____Schedule time to check your emailIt doesnt matter when
   Choose to say No”.
  Its easy to become overwhelmed if we say yes to everythingThink about the task before you commit to itDo you need to do it? Can someone else do it? Avoid saying yes to every request____5____
   Keep a goal journal
  Write down your goals in a journal and evaluate them regularlyMark your progress for each goalBe sure you take the necessary step to achieve your goals
AMake a list first
BDont skip the breaks
CTurn that notification off
DMemory is not always accurate
EDont forget to focus on your task
FThis takes time away from more important tasks
GEvery time we switch from one task to anotherwe lose focus
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:459评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  In high school I had a math teacherMrsDavieswho took her job seriously and expected her students to put forth the same degree of commitmentStrict but fairshe held our attention with her time-proven approachOne of her ____1___ was for students who were more advanced academicallyI chose to ___2____ it and soon realized that the course was a bit over my headI ___3____ with the complex problems that others seemed to learn without much effort
  One Friday we were tested ___4____ our ability to use a theorem(定理) that no one in the class thoroughly understoodThe teacher would ____5___ our papers based on our ability to progress through the problem which easily filled two pages of formulaic notations(公式符号).I was absolutely ___6____FinallyI didn't use the required theoremInsteadI decided to use more familiar theorems to arrive at an____7___I knew I had failed because I hadn't done the ___8____ assignmentI became resigned to my fate
  Our test papers were ____9___ back the following MondayEveryone received a "C" except for meTo my surprise I received an "A"I ___10____ that there must be a mistakeI watched ____11___ as the teacher approached my desksmiledand asked for my test ___12____ backShe then went back to copy my work onto the blackboard____13___ the class how I had arrived at the correct answer"Mathematics is meant to be a creative toolpushing our minds to a rewarding answer" she said with confidence___14____ I didn't use the required theoremshe seemed genuinely proud of how I'd worked through the problemThe class saw her fold my test paper and put it into her textbookShe announced that it would be ___15____ with future classes
  My teacher would have been justified in giving me a ___16____ gradeInsteadshe used the ____17___ to deeply influence a student who often struggledAnd after forty yearsI still cherish the ___18____It helped change my self-imageI ___19____ up to a broad boundary of possibilities which has made my life an adventureShe understood that teaching went beyond strict demands and could be used to ____20___Thank youMrsDavies
1Aways          Btasks           Ctests            Dclasses
2Arun           Btake            Cteach            Dlike
3Acompared      Bstruggled       Cconnected        Dargued
4Aon            Bat              Cof               Dfor
5Aexplain       Bcollect         Cprint            Dgrade
6Atired         Bcurious         Clost             Dcontent
7Aeffect        Bend             Canswer           Dinterest
8Acompleted     Bproved          Cfixed            Drequired
9Ahanded        Bheld            Cthrown           Ddated
10Ahoped        Bassumed         Cdeclared         Ddreamed
11Aangrily      Bregretfully     Cdisappointedly   Dnervously
12Apaper        Bscore           Cquestion         Dmethod
13Ahelping      Bfollowing       Cshowing          Dpraising
14ASince        BUnless          CThough           DBecause
15Ashared       Bexchanged       Cpracticed        Dchecked
16Afriendly     Bfailing         Ccorrected        Dwrong
17Apossibility  Bcreation        Cintention        Dopportunity
18Achange       Bmemory          Cschool           Dlife
19Aopened       Bkept            Cmade             Dlooked
20Alearn        Bsurvive         Cinspire          Dmanage
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:518评分:

四、阅读填空

报错
7.  SinglesDay falls on November 11th every year in China______ is recognized as a day for people who have no girlfriend or boyfriendCouples and lovers have Valentines Day in ______celebrate of their lovebut how about the singles? There must be a day they can celebrate even without a partnerThats ______ people created Singles Day
  On Singles Day many singles choose to say goodbye to their single lives______attend blind date partiesand some people even decide to get ______marry to strangers______ this day has recently become more of a time for shoppingbecause many shops online will give customers great discount ______promote their goods
  More and more people are ______will to shop online to get what they wantand I am one of themI just cant help buying things ______ I need them or not______honest speakingsome of the things that I bought have been put aside forever in my closet
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:621评分:

五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear John
  Thank you very much for your invitations to dinner in your home tomorrow eveningIts been a long time since that we last metUnfortunateit is much to my regret that I cannot join youI will be fully occupying in preparing for an importance lecture coming the day after tomorrowI feel terribly sorry for missing chance for a get-togetherand I hope that youll have a good time with meMaybe you and me can meet sometime next weekendIf soplease calling me when you get this letterI think it was great to have a long chat with you
  Sorry again
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:452评分:

六、书面表达

报错
9.假定你是中学生李华,最近从新闻网上得知第25届世界技能锦标赛(the 25th World Skills Championship)将在厦门举行。请你用英文写封电子邮件向组委会申请加入志愿者队伍,内容主要包括:
1.身体状况(年龄、身高……);
2.兴趣爱好(摄影、踢足球……);
3.英文程度;
4.目的和意义。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.结语已为你写好。
Dear Sir
_______________________________________________________________
Looking forward to hearing from you soon
Yours sincerely
Li Hua
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:585评分:
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