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2017届福建省厦门市湖滨中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:福建试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:3382解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Welcome to the Living Donor Hall of Fame!
  Donation of an organ or bone marrow (骨髓) while living is an extraordinary giftYet, living donors often do not receive public recognition for their selfless actTherefore, Living Donors Online has established this Living Donors Hall of Fame to allow transplant recipients, friends, and relatives to recognize the living donor in their livesLiving donors should also feel free to nominate themselves, especially those who have been anonymous donors
  To add a living donor to the Living Donor Hall of Fame, click here
Type of donation: Kidney
Recipient: Debbie
Relationship to donor: Daughter
Date of donation: March17, 1986
Recognized by: Debbie
My mom not only gave me life once, she gave it to me twiceWhen she donated her kidney to me, I was only 17 years oldBy her giving me her kidney at that time, I was able to graduate from high school with friends and enter college
Type of donation: Liver Recipient: Denise Walderich Relationship to donor: Friend Date of donation: June 9, 2000 Recognized by: Denise Walderich
  She gave me the gift of life at a time when I had almost no hope leftShe gives a new meaning to the word, “friendThank you, Handi, for all the wonderful memories I would have missed without your loving and generous heart
Type of donation: Kidney and bone marrow
Recipient: Mark Peizer Relationship to donorUnrelated Date of donation: August 10, 2004 Recognized byMark Moeller
  Mother of 4 and wife for 6 years who donated a kidney and bone marrow to a stranger she met on this site in January of 2004In August, the transplant was done, along with a bone marrow donation /transplant at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MDThis man, who had 6 months to live, is now dialysis free, and free to vacation, and enjoy his family and friends again
What a marvelous experience!
……
1Why was Living Donor Hall of Fame established?
  ATo show off donors’ gifts
  BTo make donors famous
  CTo honor donors’ selflessness
  DTo help people search for donors
2Who received a kidney from a stranger?
  AMark Peizer
  BDebbie
  CMark Moeller
  DDenise Walderich
3Where can you probably find this text?
  AA newspaper
  BA webpage
  CA medical magazine
  DA science journal
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:491评分:
报错
2.
B
  To have a second child or not, this is a question
  A concern about only one child is whether one child necessarily means a lonely childMany parents of only child feel guilty of their decision to have only one childThere are no other children in the family for the child to associate with, which may lead to the child feeling lonely at times
  Another common argument against having just one child may be more spoiled than one with siblingsMany people believe that a single child will not have learned to negotiate with others, and respect the give-and-take involved in many relationshipsSome think this may leave the child less capable of interacting well with people his or her own age
  Despite these arguments, the number of parents choosing to have only one child is increasing in the worldFor some single-child parents, the pressures of devoting time and energy to a second child can result in them selecting to have no more childrenFor other parents, the financial burden of having a second child may be the major considerationAnother important consideration is the increasing age at which women give birth to children
  Advocates of single-child families argue that there are advantages for the child as well as the parentsWith just one child, the parents can give, and the child can receive, more quality time and attention
  However, there is no simple answer to the question of whether or not to have a second childThe circumstances affecting each set of parents are uniqueThe important thing, in the end, is to make a decision that both the wife and the husband feel confident
1What are the advantages of children with brothers or sisters?
  ALess pressure and better energy
  BMore respect and greater family wealth
  CHigher intelligence and more attention
  DLess loneliness and better social competence
2What prevent some parents from having a second child according to the passage?
  AWork pressures
  BLimited time, energy and money
  CThe health and wealth of the first child
  DThe negotiations between parents and children
3What can we learn from the passage?
  AThe birth of a second child makes many parents guilty
  BThe number of single-child parents is decreasing
  CNowadays women delay giving birth to children
  DFamily circumstances have little effect on parents’ decision
4How is the passage developed?
  ABy providing examples
  BBy listing suggestions
  CBy offering descriptions
  DBy analyzing reasons
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:504评分:
报错
3.
C
  Dorian, of Westerly, Rhode Island, in the United States, was diagnosed with a rare form of cancer when he was 4After cancer cells spread to his spine and brain a few months ago, he and his family decided to stop his chemotherapy treatment(化疗)so he could enjoy his remaining time
  He captured the hearts of people in China after he told his parents his wish “before going to heaven” was to be famous in the country “because they have that bridge,” which is what he called the Great Wall
  Dorian’s wish, which was posted by his parents in early January on Facebook, along with the request that someone in China send a picture to Dorian with the sign“Dorian Strong”, spread quickly across China and around the worldTens of thousands of Chinese posted the story on Chinese social media, and many went to the Great Wall holding signs saying,“ You are very famous in China” Even one day recently, a woman shared photos on her Chinese microblog of herself on the Great Wall holding a sign: “Dorian STRONGYou are famous hereWelcome to China!” In the past two months, Dorian and his family had also been invited to visit China, but they declined due to the boy's declining health
  Dorian’s death was announced late on Tuesday night on FacebookThousands of people mourned online“ I believe there is a Great Wall in heaven and now he is walking on it happily,” wrote a netizen called Sunshine
  A close friend of the Murray family wrote that the family asked for“ privacy and respect” as they grieve“ I’m not ready,” Dorian’s mother, Melissa Murray, posted on Tuesday morning before he died“ I never will be
1Why did Dorian and his family stop his chemotherapy treatment?
  AThe cancer was very rare
  BThey planned to travel to China
  CDorian was too young to bear the treatment
  DThe treatment might not control his disease
2What was the reaction of Chinese people to Dorian’s story?
  AThey simply ignored it
  BThey visited him in his hospital
  CThey spread it on their social media
  DThey declined to express sympathy for him
3What can we infer from the passage about Dorian?
  AHe thought the Great Wall in China was a bridge
  BHe has been to China with his parents before
  CHis death was announced on Facebook
  DHe is walking on the Great Wall happily
4What did Dorian’s parents expect to do after his death?
  AAsk for people’s sympathy
  BMourn over his death without being disturbed
  CPut their sadness on Facebook every day
  DGet ready to move to new life
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:450评分:
报错
4.
D
  Some people are so rude!
  Who sends an e-mail or a text message that just says “Thank you”? Who leaves a voice mail message rather than texts you? Who asks for a fact easily found on Google? Don't these people realize that they're wasting your time?
  Maybe I'm the rude one for not appreciating life's little politenessBut many social agreed standards just don't make sense to people drowning in digital communication
  In texts, you don't have to declare who you are or even say hello; E-mail, too, is slower than a text; Voice mail is a now impolite way of trying to connect
  My father learned this lesson after leaving me a dozen voice mail messages, none of which I listened toExasperated, he called my sister to express his dissatisfaction that I never returned his phone calls“Why are you leaving him voice mails?” my sister asked“Just text him
  In the age of the smartphone, there is no reason to ask once-acceptable questions about: the weather forecast, a business's phone number, or directions to a house, a restaurant, which can be easily found on Google MapsBut people still ask these thingsAnd when you answer, they respond with a thank-you e-mail
  How to handle these differing standards? Easy: Consider your audienceSome people, especially older ones, appreciate a thank-you messageOthers, like me, want no reply
  The anthropologist(人类学家) Margaret Mead once said that in traditional societies, the young learn from the oldBut in modern societies, the old can also learn from the youngHere's hoping that politeness never goes out of fashion but that time-wasting forms of communication do
1What does the underlined word "exasperated" mean in the fifth paragraph?
  AWorried    BAnnoyed    CSurprised    DTired
2Why didn't the writer reply to his father?
  AHe didn’t want to talk with his father
  BHe liked text messages better
  CHe didn’t receive any voice mail messages
  DHe enjoyed checking his voice mails
3Which of the following does the writer agree to?
  ADealing with voice mail should vary with each individual
  BDeclaring who they are or saying hello in texts is necessary
  CPeople needn't learn from one another in traditional societies
  DPeople needn’t turn to Google for help when in trouble
4What's the best title of this passage?
  ANowadays: what means should we use in communication
  BNowadays: do you like leaving others a voice message
  CNowadays: what should we do with text messages
  DNowadays: do you need a thank-you message
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:1093评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  People, like all living things, need foodFood gives us the nutrients our bodies need____1____ Energy is needed to carry out the life processes
  Our bodies cannot use the nutrients or energy in food unless the food is changedThe changing of food into a form the body can use is called digestion
  What does digestion do? _____2___ Digestion also changes the chemicals of foodIt changes large, complex food molecules (微粒) into smaller, simpler ones
  ____3____ Digestion takes place in the digestive tractThe digestive tract is a long, winding tube in your bodyIf stretched out, the digestive tract would be more than 9 meters (30 feet) long
  What are the parts of the digestive tract? The parts of the digestive tract are: the mouth, the foodpipe, the stomach, the small intestine(), and the large intestine
  There are many organs along the digestive tracts, such as the liver____4____ The digestive tract and the other digestive organs make up your digestive system
  Food enters the body through the mouthWaste materials (undigested food) leave the body through the anus(肛门)The anus is at the end of the large intestine
  Digestion is a step-by-step process____5____ It takes food from one to two days to pass through the entire digestive tract
AIt also gives us energy
BIt does not take place quickly
CWhere does digestion take place?
DDoes the food also give us much strength?
EDigestion breaks down large pieces of food into smaller pieces
FThese organs are not part of the digestive tract, but they help in digestion
GAlthough they dont belong to the digestive tract, they help us fight diseases
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:442评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  Tony was excited to see his friend KevinThey had been friends since primary school _______ through high schoolWhen starting college, they headed their _______ waysTony wanted to study in electrical engineering, and Kevin wanted to _______ doctorTheir career choices led them into different _______, but their friendship was still _______
  They had been good friends in _______They started their friendship while performing a small painting_______When Kevin noticed Tony painting a really nice rocket, Kevin _______ him for it and the two began talking about their interest in other things_______ really kept them together at that moment was when Tony acknowledged Kevins reaction when Tony _______ dropped his paints on the classroom floorTony was embarrassed and terrified, but Kevin wasnt _______ to help him out by cleaning it up
  _______, they shared similar interestsWhen in primary school, they _______ a dream of becoming astronauts to discover unknown universe and unknown life _______In middle school, they shared the dream of becoming famous basketball playersThen, in high school, they both had the _______ to become famous rock stars
  It wasnt always a _______ friendshipSometimes, they fought and held different views about different things_______ their differences, they didnt _______ their friendship apartIn moments of _______ and doubts, they were there to support each other
  They have recently received their bachelors degreeThey have kept in contact up until now, and have decided to get together and _______ lost timeTrue friendship lasts forever
1Aall the same     Ball the way      Cin the way       Dall the time
2Asimilar          Bfamiliar         Cseparate         Dtraditional
3Abecome           Bchoose           Cconsult          Dturn
4Adirections       Bpredictions      Ccreations        Dconditions
5Afragile          Bdistant          Cshort            Dclose
6Acollege          Bkindergarten     Chigh school      Dprimary school
7Acareer           Btask             Crole             Dcourse
8Ablamed           Bcompensated      Cpraised          Dpunished
9AWhat             BThat             CWhich            DIt
10Adeliberately    Baccidentally     Ceventually       Dpersonally
11Ahesitant        Bready            Cwilling          Dhappy
12AStanding out    BBrought up       CGrowing up       DGrown up
13Aachieved        Bexperienced      Cdiscovered       Dshared
14Aexperiences     Bforms            Cconnections      Dcycles
15Adesire          Bpromise          Ccourage          Dchance
16Aauthentic       Bcomplex          Ccheerful         Dlonely
17ABesides         BDespite          CBeyond           DExcept
18Aknow            Btell             Cdrag             Dtear
19Asorrow          Brelief           Cexcitement       Dsilence
20Akeep up with    Bcome up with     Cmake up for      Dwatch out for
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:510评分:

四、阅读填空

报错
7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  While I went sightseeing in London, I visited the London UndergroundLike most tourists, I was very interested in it as it is the _____1_____(old) system in the worldIt is also very complexI was told that the first part of the underground system opened in 1863 and ____2______ took people from the boundary of London to the city centreThe underground passages were very narrow ______3____ (compare) to the last line that was constructed in 1977when _____4_____ (carriage) first ran in these passages, there was lots _____5_____ smoke and noiseI think it must have been horrible and damp down there! Another problem was that there were a dozen different lines, _____6_____were not linkedThis ______7____ (make) the system not user-friendly, but now the different lines have been joinedThe union of the different lines makes traveling on the London Underground much more _____8_____ (convenience)I bought a ticket at a discount and rode the underground three timesIt was good for me _____9_____ (have)the experienceAnother interesting thing was that the passage were used for all sorts of things during World War II such as bomb shelters and an anti-aircraft centreIts _____10_____ (true) amazing!
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:478评分:

五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear John,
  Thank you very much for your invitations to dinner in your home tomorrow eveningIts been a long time since that we last metUnfortunate, it is much to my regret that I cannot join youI will be fully occupying in preparing for an importance lecture coming the day after tomorrowI feel terribly sorry for missing chance for a get-together, and I hope that youll have a good time with meMaybe you and me can meet sometime next weekendIf so, please calling me when you get this letterI think it was great to have a long chat with you
  Sorry again
Yours,
Jerry
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:387评分:

六、书面表达

报错
9.假定你是中国高中生李华,今年暑假期间将去澳大利亚悉尼南部Kogarah的一所综合性学校Kogarah High School学习一个月,并将寄宿在当地的居民Silvia家中。请给Silvia写一封电子邮件,询问一些将在Kogarah生活的有关情况。具体询问内容如下:
1.住宿是否可以有单间;
2.房间里是否有网络;
3.是否可以自己煮饭;
4.是否有便利的交通。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Silvia,
  Greetings from China! I am Li Hua, a high school student in China_____________________________________________________
  Looking forward to your reply
  Best wishes,
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:737评分:
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