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2017届福建省莆田市第二十五中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:福建试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:2196解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

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1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A

1What is the purpose of this letter
  ATo apologize
  BTo ask for a raise
  CTo quit a job
  DTo express thanks
2Why did Susan accept the job at Lets Learn English Inc.?
  AIt is more interesting
  BIt provides more money
  CIt is less demanding
  DIt offers free night classes
3What suggestion does Susan make to Formosa News
  AOffer classes for employees
  BHire an assistant for the new editor
  CReduce employeesworking hours
  DIncrease the pay for the new editor
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:206评分:
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2.
B
  One of the largest youth organizations in the world is the 4-Han organization of clubs for young people between 9 and 19The main purpose of 4-H is to provide young people with the practical skills and understanding they will need to become useful members of their communitiesThe four Hs stand for headhearthandsand health
  When4-H clubs first began in America in the early 1900smembers were mostly young people from rural areasThe focus was on farm projectssuch as raising pigs and growing and canning foodToday over 75of the club members come from townscitiesand suburbsand hundreds of projects existeach adapted to its geographical areaWhile rural districts choose conservationforestryand farm management projectsprojects in urban areas often involve nutritionhealthcar careand money management
  The 4-H program in America is a joint service of the USDepartment of Agriculturestate universitiesand county governmentsAdditional funding(资助)is provided by business firms and private organizationsMembers of the clubs are guided by volunteer adult leaders and their teenage assistantsIn the clubs4-Hers learn about and work on solving serious problems that face their communitiesissues like environmental protection and community safety
  In addition to the 4-H clubs in the USstates and territoriesmore than eighty countries have adapted the 4-H idea to fit their own needsIn the less developed countriesmany clubs offer courses in proper nutrition and in new farming technology
1What is the 4-H
  AA fitness club
  BAn educational program
  CAn international firm
  DAn agricultural organization
2Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2
  AThe 4-H has existed for over two centuries
  BThe 4-H club members are mostly from the countryside
  C4-H projects are adapted according to local needs
  D4-H projects in big cities usually focus on conservation &forestry
3Paragraph 3 is mainly about________
  Awho finance the 4-H program in America
  Bwho guide the members of the 4-H clubs
  Cwhat activities the American 4-Hers do
  Dhow the 4-H program in America operates
4Which of the following is most probably a 4-H activity in the countryside of Africa
  ACooking a healthy meal
  BTraveling abroad in groups
  CLearning to manage money
  DDining at McDonalds
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:347评分:
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3.
C
  If you are trying to achieve big goals in your life and workthe chances are thatfrom time to timeyou hit rock bottomNothing worksnothing goes rightand nothing succeedsAt times like theseyou may feel like throwing in the towelBut before you doread the following storyIt might just change your mind
  One daya small business owner decided he'd had enoughEnough of the endless workenough of the lack of responseenough of the disturbing loneliness
  He went into the woods to have one last talk to the wise man.“Mrwise man,” he said.“Can you give me one good reason why I shouldn't give up?”
  The answer took him by surprise.“Look around you,” the wise man said.“Do you see the fern (蕨类植物)and the bamboo?”
  Yes”,the man replied
  When I planted the fern and the bambooI took very good care of themI gave them both equal amounts of food and waterI gave them sunlight in spring and protected them from the storms in autumnThe fern quickly grew from the earthYet nothing came from the bamboo seedBut I did not give up on the bambooIn the second yearthe fern grew even better than before but nothing came from the bamboo seedBut I did not give up on the bambooIn year three there was still nothing from the bamboo seedBut I would not give upIn year fouragainthere was nothing from the bamboo seedStill would not give up.”
  Then in the fifth year a tiny sprout(芽)came out from the earthCompared to the fern it was seemingly smallBut day by day the sprout grewWithin six monthsthe sprout had risen to a height of 100 feetIt had spent the five years growing rootsThose roots made it strong and gave it  what it needed to survive.“Did you knowyoung manthat all this time you have been struggling you have been growingGrow the roots that you need to produce your fruit.”
  Don't compare yourself to othersAll things have different purposesand different journeysThe bamboo has a different purpose from the fernYet they both make the forest beautifulYour time will comeYou will rise high.”
  The small business owner left the forestAnd never went back
  If nothing seems like it is happening in your lifedespite all the work you're putting inremember that you're probably growing roots not fruitStick with itOne day not far from now there'll be a great harvest
1The underlined phrase throwing in the towel in Paragraph l probably means ________
  Acrying out
  Bshowing off
  Cgiving up      
  Drunning away
2After the wise man planted the fern and the bamboo________
  Ahe cared for the fern only
  Bthey didn't receive any care from him
  Che gave up the bamboo in the fifth year
  Dthe bamboo seed never stopped growing
3From the passage we can conclude that the small business owner will________
  Anot turn to the wise man for help again
  Bnot give up in face of difficulties
  Cgive up his business later
  Dgrow some bamboo later
4Which of the following best describes the story in the passage
  ANever give up hope
  BPractice makes perfect
  CTime and tide wait for nobody
  DOne should try and achieve bigger goals in life
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:272评分:
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4.
D
Culture and Cuisine

  The United States is known for jazz and blue jeansBut travel to Paris and ask your average French citizen about American cuisine(烹饪)and he's likely to answer,“McDonalds.”Ask the same thing of any American citizen on any American street and I'm afraid you'd get the same answeror something close to it
  Hamburgers and hotdogs and fries are all finebut with American malls and other outlets standardizing everything from clothing to foodthe sad truth is that American cuisine is becoming more homogeneousall the sameno matter where you liveTruemany Americans are eating more varied foods these daysbut these are largely the cuisines of immigrant groupsand they are quite likely to be affected by homogenization of American cuisine
  So what exactly is American cuisineWellto some extent it is a reflection of our melting pot culturemeaning that Europeans made huge contributions in the form of wheatdairy productsporkbeef and poultryBut American cuisine also includes products that once were known only to the New Worldincluding potatoescornpumpkinsweet potatoesand peanuts
  The one region of the country where you still find all these things in daily use is the Deep SouthThe South lost the Civil Warbut children of the southerners are winning the battle to preserve and advance their cooking traditionsand in this case one of the few cuisines can truly be called Americanwhich is why we're pleased to have Low Country cuisine in this issue of food creationThat's rightgrits and gravy are back in a big way in cities like Charleston and SavannahTruth isthey never really leftbut up until a decade ago Low Country cuisine was more common at home than in restaurants
  In facta large number of tourists now go to the lower Atlantic region in order to experience this extraordinary cuisine for themselvesTime will tell whether Low Country cuisine becomes popular in other regions of the country in the way thatsayItalian cuisine hasbut it's amazing and heartening to see one of our true cultural treasures enjoying renewed popularity in these increasingly homogeneous times
1According to the passageAmerican cuisine impresses people as being ________
  Adull and changeless
  Brich and various
  Cpopular and delicious
  Ddisagreeable and unpleasant
2It can be seen that the writer feels regretful that ________
  Acuisines of other countries play a more important role in America
  BAmerican cuisine has become increasingly lacking in variety
  CAmerican cuisine tends to vary because of immigration
  DAmerican cuisine is being changed by foreign cuisines
3From the passagewe know that grits and gravy ________
  Awere cooked with new materials after the Civil War
  Bare gaining popularity in the south of America
  Cwere more popular over ten years ago
  Dare seldom served in restaurants
4What's the writer's attitude towards the renewal of Low Country cuisine in America
  AConcerned and cautious
  BHopeless and doubtful
  CPositive and supportive
  DCritical and disapproving
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:286评分:

二、信息匹配

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5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  There is a disease sweeping the world today that is killing far more people than any otherincluding AIDS or SARS___1___ The World Health OrganizationWHO has stated that of the 565 million deaths per year around the worldover 50 percent are caused by diseases associated with unhealthy diet and lack of exercise___2___
  In the face of these shocking statisticsthe WHO announced in 2004a plan to fight obesity(肥胖症)and invited governments around the world to join the campaign to encourage its citizens to adopt a sensible diet and to take up some form of physical activity___3___ In Australiawhich has the highest number of food advertisements in childrens television in the worldthere are an average of 12 food ads per hour0n the other handin Sweden and Austria there are strict laws about advertising during childrens programmes___4___
  There is much debatehoweverabout whether television advertisements are in any way responsible for childhood obesityIn Swedenand Quebec in Canadafor examplethe government ban food ads on childrens television___5___ HoweverHollandwhere there are no bans on food advertisinghas one of the lowest rates of obesity in Europe
AThe government also appoints a committee to decide on suitable punishment for food ads
BThe WHO also said that many of these deaths connected with obesity could be prevented
CGovernments should consider the role of food ads in childrens television programmes
DIn these two countriesthere is an average of only one food ad per hour
ETherefore there is no great difference in the number of obese children
FFood ads have no effect on obesity
GThat disease is obesity
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:272评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  Do Americans have morals(道德准则)?Thats a good questionMoral values in America are like those in any _______
  One of the most _______ moral values for Americans is honestyThe well-known _______about George Washington and the cherry tree teaches this value _______Little George cut down his fathers favorite cherry tree _______ trying out his new hatchetWhen his father asked him about itGeorge said,“I cannot tell a lieI did it with my hatchet.” Instead of _______George received praiseSometimes American honesty-being open and direct-can _______ peopleBut Americans still believe thathonesty is the best policy.”
  Another _______ Americans respect is perseverance(毅力).Remember Aesops fable about the turtle and the rabbit that had a _______The rabbit thought he could _______ easilyso he took a napBut the turtle finally won because he did not _______
  Compassion(同情)may be the queen of American virtuesThe story of The Good Samaritan(助人为乐者)”from the Bible _______ a man who showed compassionOn his way to a _______ citya Samaritan man found a poor traveler lying on the roadThe kind Samaritan_______ just passing bystopped to help this person in needCompassion can even turn into a positive _______In autumn 1992people in Iowa sent truckloads of water to help Floridians _______ by a hurricaneThe next summerduring the Midwest floodingFlorida _______ the favor
  In no way can this brief description _______ all the moral values honored by AmericansCourageresponsibility_______gratitude and many others could be discussedBut no matter how long or how short the listmoral values are _______
1Acontinent     Bcharacter      Ccontent        Dculture
2Alovely        Bbasic          Cparticular     Dscientific
3Anovel         Bjoke           Clegend         Dmusic
4Apolitely      Bclearly        Ceasily         Dslightly
5Awhile         Bfor            Cwhereas        Das
6Aagreement     Bpunishment     Cachievement    Dargument
7Apuzzle        Binjure         Cinterrupt      Doffend
8Aperson        Baction         Cvirtue         Dsystem
9Aquarrel       Brace           Cfight          Dtrip
10Awin          Bfail           Cdefeat         Dbeat
11Aslow down    Bcome up        Cgive up        Dfall off
12Adescribes    Bpraises        Ctells          Dmentions
13Alonely       Balone          Ccertain        Ddeserted
14Ain spite of  Bon account of  Cas a result of Dinstead of
15Arow          Bcircle         Cmovement       Daction
16Ahurt         Bdestroyed      Cruined         Dhit
17Aoffered      Breturned       Chonored        Dreminded
18Acover        Brespect        Cshape          Dreflect
19Astrength     Bsilence        Cloyalty        Dreality
20Ainvaluable   Bhonorable      Cunbelievable   Dinvisible
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:241评分:

四、阅读填空

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7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  Hongbaoseems to be on everyones lips these days__1__it origins are rooted in historyLong ago it __2__seeas a means of protecting children from evil spirits___3_1ate),it developed  into more general best wishes and a blessing on __4__ youngIn recent yearswith hongbao going digitalonline giants Tencents WechatBaidu and Alibaba are all competing __5__maketheir Hongbao the __6__popularin the country
  I got 18 yuanits fun.”
  I didnt get anyI am too slow.”
  The war is on to grab digital cash using your cellphone
  But are these Hongbao overshadowing the true __7__meanof the holiday45-year-old social worker Guo Jing gives us her opinion
  When I was youngthe elder gave the younger generation a sum of money__8__wrapin red paperto wish them luck in the New YearThe amount of money is all about blessingsusing round numbers like 50 and 100not like the e-Hongbao on the Wechat platform__9__you can just pick up a few yuan.”
  Anywayplease rememberthe Chinese New Year holiday is supposed to be a time to relax and enjoy being __10__ your family
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:278评分:

五、短文改错

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8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  When I was a childI hoped to live in the cityI think I would be happy thereNow I am living in a citybut I miss my home in countrysideThere the air is clean or the mountains are greenUnfortunatelyon the development of industrializationthe environment has been pollutedLots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problemThe airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtierMuch rare animals are dying outWe must found ways to protect your environmentIf we fail to do sowell live to regret it
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:263评分:

六、书面表达

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9.假定你是高三学生李华,你的美国朋友彼得写信询问你未来理想的大学。请你用英语回信介绍以下情况:
1.你准备报考哪所大学;2.该大学简介;3.你为什么选择该大学。
注意:1.词数100左右;
    2.开头和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Dear Peter
  Thanks for your emailYesIm facing one of the most important choices in my life_________________________________________________
Bye for now
All the best
Li Hu
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:309评分:
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