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2017届福建省晋江市平山中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:福建试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:1911解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
  China has announced it’s abolishing its one-child policyWhat difference has it madestatistically speaking?
  400 million births prevented
  The one-child policyofficially in place since 1979has prevented 400 million birthsParents have faced fines and other punishments for having more children
  The majority of the decrease in China’s fertility rate happened in the 1970sIt dropped from 58 children per woman in 1970 to 27 in 1978Despite the one-child policy the rate had only fallen to 17 by 2013
  21:28-baby deaths rate
  Since the one-child policy was introducedbaby girls have become more likely to die than boys
  In the 1970saccording to the United Nations60 males per 1000 live births died under the age of oneFor girls the figure was 53In the 1980safter the one-child policy became officialthe rate for both was 36By the 1990s26 males per 1000 live births died before the age of one - and 33 girlsThe 2000s saw 21 boys per 1000 live births dying and 28 girls
  116 boys born for every girl
  Sexually selective abortions have been considered as a major cause of China's unusual imbalance
  Gietel-Bastenassociate professor in social policy at Oxford Universitysays the births of many girls are not registered if parents have broken the rule by having two childrenadding officials often turn a blind eyeIt's estimated there are now 33 million more men than women in China
  421 families
  With the ageing of China's population and the continuation of the one-child policya “42 :1” home is the description given to households in which there are four grandparentcared for by two working age parentswho themselves have one child
  By 2050it’s predicted that a quarter of China's population will be 65 or olderThe predicted decline in the number of people of working age is thought to have persuaded the government to drop the one-child policy
1When was the baby deaths rate for both boys and girls equal?
  AIn the 1970s
  BIn the 1980s
  CIn the 1990s
  DIn the 2000s
2What makes the one-child policy abolished according to the passage?
  AThe decline of birth rate
  BThe rise of baby deaths rate
  CThe change of family structure
  DThe decline of working age people
3The passage sums up the one child policy by ________________
  Anumber    Bexample    Ccontrast    Danalysis
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:102评分:
报错
2.
B
  Have you ever noticed that the more you have the more you want? Let’s face itThinking our life is good enough doesn’t come naturally to many peopleWhen we have high expectations of everything in life we will run into disappointmentOnly when we are aware that needs are different from desires can we live with satisfactionHere are a few ideas to help you be happier with what you have and who you are
  Focus on what you are thankful forMost people want things to be better than they areor when things are going wellwe forget to appreciate what we haveLearn to reflect on how much better things are than they could beFocus on what you are thankful forWrite down 5 things you are grateful for right now
  When we hold onto regrets from decisions we have madeit can really poison our well-beingMany people regret something they can no longer changewhich ends up holding them back from moving forward in a more positive mannerWhat happened in the past is done and goneso work to stay present and be mindful of the current moment to find more joy and fulfillment
  When we use other people as the measuring stick for our personal success and quality of life we are likely to be less satisfiedSocial comparisons can provide useful information when we try to learn from othersbut they also hold our perspective in a discontented positionCompare yourself less with others so you can be satisfied more
  When you are focused on your big ambitions and future goals you might elide the daily pleasures that surround youLearn to slow down and absorb the wonder and beauty around youStay present and focus on the task you’re undertaking at the momentDon’t let the life pass you by because you’re always on the go and distracted by ambition
  Practice looking at life through the lens of contentment and it will become more natural
1How can we live with contentment
  ATo change our lifestyle
  BTo have a motivation in life
  CTo give less attention to what we are grateful for
  DTo realize the difference between needs and desires
2What’s the main idea of Paragraph 3?
  AMake wise decisions
  BKnow the present situation
  CLet go of regrets
  DRemember the past
3The underlined word “elide”(in Paragraph 5) probably means “______”
  Aenjoy    Bchange    Ccreate    Dneglect
4What should you do to put yourself in a good mood
  AMake time for simple pleasures
  BLearn from successful people
  CFocus on your future goals
  DCreate chance to learn more
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报错
3.
C
  Parents will do anything for their childrenWhether it would be the foodclothesor the place they liveparents will always make sure their children have the best of everythingOne of the biggest concerns that parents currently have is educating their childrenThey are faced with lots of difficulties when it comes to education for their young onesChoices include private schoolcharter schoolpublic school or homeschooling
  Fortunately for parentsthere are a variety of different strategies that a parent can take in order to increase their child's skills and overall intelligenceAccording to Ross AThompsonPhDprofessor of psychology at the University of California at Davisa child's brain will actually reach 90% of its full size by the time they start kindergarten
  Researchers at Northwestern University in Chicago concluded that playing a musical instrument directly affected the brain stemthe lower section of the brainMoreoverchildren that learn an instrument at an early age tend to continue it when they are olderAnd numerous studies show that a well balanced meal is essential for a child's mental and physical healthIt is recommended that parents teach their children two languages at onceResearch suggests that a second language should be taught when children are in preschoolOther studies state that three to four years of age is the perfect timeClearlyany age under four would work perfectly fine for a child
  The average child will learn how to read between kindergarten and second gradeMany parents can give their children a jump start by teaching them to read before they start schoolChildren could have an adequate background of the alphabet and sounds of words before attending schoolThis can be done by simply reading to them whenever you wantThe more comfortable they getthe easier the process will be
1From the first paragraphwe can infer that ________
  Aparents find it hard to satisfy their kids' various demands
  Bparents meet a new challenge when raising their kids
  Cparents have more choices in offering education to their kids
  Dparents get actively involved in the process of their kids' growth
2What suggestion may the researchers in the passage make?
  ATo train kids as early as possible
  BTo try as many means as possible
  CTo help kids develop as fully as possible
  DTo use as many available resources as possible
3What does the third paragraph mainly discuss about?
  AThe proper time to teach children to learn languages
  BThe effective ways to help develop children's brains
  CThe vital factors to have a great effect on children's health
  DThe practical steps to arouse children’s interest in study
4We can replace the words “jump start” in the last paragraph with
  Ainspiration
  Bintroduction
  Csuggestion
  Dpromotion
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:127评分:
报错
4.
D
  A new graph has revealed exactly how long you’11 need to sweat it out in the gym to neutralize (抵消) swallowing a favorite fast food
  While eating fried chickenpizza and burgers will all entail a gym session of over an hour doing cardio(有氧运动)or lifting weightswomen have it far harder than men and must work extra hard to banish calorie-packed meals
  After a classic McDonald's favoritethe Big Macmen would need to do 42 minutes of cardio or 57 minutes of weightlifting
  As for womenfifty one minutes of cardio would help counter the 24 grams of fat in a Big Mac---over a quarter of the recommended daily allowance - --or an hour and eight minutes of weightlifting
  Howeverthe 450g Tesco chocolate cake was by far the worst offenderClocking in at a whopping 1710 calories and 90 grams of fatonly a hardcore gym session is going to shift the calories you’ve absorbed from this dessertThe average woman would have to lift weights for almost four hours to work off the calories in this cake
  Comparatively a chocolate bar seems healthywith 237 calories which would take 25 minutes for the average woman to run offAlternatively you could spend thirty three minutes doing weightlifting exercises
  Men will have to complete 40 minutes of cardio and 53 minutes of weightlifting while women will have to complete 48 minutes of cardio and 64 minutes of weightlifting against the calories in French fries
1The fat of the recommended daily allowance for women is _________grams
  A18    B20    C24    D30
2According to the passage__________is the unhealthiest food
  AFrench fries
  Bthe Big Mac
  Ca chocolate bar
  DTesco chocolate cake
3Compared with menwomen must spend ________to consume the calories in French fries
  A11 more minutes lifting weights
  B8 less minutes doing cardio
  C8 more minutes lifting weights
  D11 less minutes doing cardio
4The main purpose of the passage is to___________
  Ainform us to stay away from fast food
  Boffer us advice on how to keep healthy
  Ctell us some information about fast food
  Dsuggest what we do to work off the calories
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:131评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。其中有两项为多余选项。
It’s Time to Put it Away
  Your smart phone may have hurt you before you realize itDon't be addicted to itPut your phone awayOK?
1Cyber Sickness
  Also called “digital motion sickness”symptoms that range from headaches to woozy feelings can occur when you quickly scroll on your smart phone or watch action packed video on your screenYour sense of balance is different from other senses in that it has lots of inputsWhen those inputs don’t agreethat’s when you feel dizziness and sickness
2Text Claw
  It is the unofficial term for soreness and muscle contraction felt in the fingerwrist and forearm after heavy smart phone useSo if you’re always on your phoneit makes sense to feel discomfort in your hands and forearms
3Eye Strain
  Do you stare at a screen for hours on end? If you’re reading thisyou very well mightStaring at your digital devices for a long time can lead to dry eyesheadaches and tirednesswhich can decrease your productivityExperts suggest taking screen breaks every 20 minutes
4Text Neck
  Similar to the clawtext neck---discomfort in the neck and spine happens when you spend a long time looking down at your smart phone4   Being mindful of how far your neck bends when you’re on your phone---- and bending it back to an upright position can help reduce the risk of text neck
5Pedestrian safety
  Pedestrian deaths are on the rise because too many smart phone users engage in distracted walkingWhile focused on the cyber worldmany of us can lose reality of the physical oneElemental pedestrian safety knowledge is compromised by technologyand the risks are scary
AWe should taking breaks for a while
BThe sensation results from a mismatch between sensory inputs
CRemember that pedestrian safety is more important than smart phone
DThe habit may lead to people requiring medical spine care at a younger age
ETo avoid injury or worseput your phone away until you’ve reached a safe spot
FAny specific motor activity can cause pain in the tendons () and muscles when done repeatedly
GAny activity that requires active use of your eyes---driving and reading included---can cause eye tiredness
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:125评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.  Once there was a very poor and devoted woman who always prayed to Godasking very littleif anything for herselfBut she would love to prepare a special 1_______ and have God share at her tableAnd God 2_______ her invitation
  She prepared a banquet and waited 3________Soon there was a 4_______ on the doorand when she opened itthere stood an old beggar asking for something to eatShe invited him inHe 5______ all the foodthanked his hostess and left
  Though slightly 6_______she prepared another mealawaiting the arrival of GodA few hours lateran old Gypsy woman with no teeth knocked at the doorinsisting that any true believer in God would not 7_______ her something to eatThough lack of moneyshe let the woman inThe Gypsy ate everythingdid not even 8_______ the woman and left without closing the door
  Now without 9_______she hurried to town with a little silver cup that had been in her family for several generationsbut she was willing to 10_______ with it to share a meal with God
  Late in the night she 11______ home to prepare yet a third mealShe waited and waited untilonce morethere was a knock on the doorHolding her 12_______she slowly opened the door to find a wandering monk13_______ a meal
  Againshe received him 14_______This man also ate all that was set on the table and left after 15_______the woman for her kindness
  Now it was too 16_______with no way to buy any more food and no more money with which to buy itShe went 17_______ on her kneesweeping such heart-broken tearsShe asked God 18______ she had done wrong and why had he not come to share at the table as he had promisedAnd Godlifted the woman off her 19______held her close to his heartand said“ My childI 20_______ your hospitality so much that I came three times!”
1Ameal             Bgift          Cseat           Dpromise
2Aaccepted         Brefused       Cchecked        Dreceived
3Aurgently         Bpatiently     Cdesperately    Dofficially
4Anoise            Bbeat          Cknock          Dnote
5Afinished         Bcooked        Ccompleted      Dwasted
6Aamused           Bdisappointed  Camazed         Dalarmed
7Aoffer            Bsend          Cdeny           Dshow
8Anotice           Brecognize     Cthank          Dcriticize
9Amoney            Bluck          Ccourage        Dstrength
10Ameet            Bbreak         Cfill           Dpart
11Arushed          Bwent          Ccame           Dapproached
12A arms             Bbreath        Canger          Dtears
13Ain search of    Bin face of    Cin charge of   Din front of
14Acoldly          Bdifferently   Cslightly       Dwarmly
15Ablaming         Bblessing      Caccusing       Dcomplaining
16Acold            Bhot           Clate           Dquiet
17Aup              Bin            Cdown           Dthrough
18Awhy             Bhow           Cthat           Dwhat
19Aknees           Bhands         Cfeet           Dlegs
20Adisliked        Bobserved      Cexperienced    Denjoyed
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四、阅读填空

报错
7.阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  One day, a rich old man 1____________(invite) to dinner by his friendHe did not know what to do with the wine and meat he had just boughtAnd 2___________ (evidence), he didn’t trust his servantHe finally had an ideaHe called over the servant, saying, “I’ll be away for the whole evening and leave you to attend 3________ the houseIn the cupboard, there are two bottles of poisonYou’ll be killed if you take even a drop of itThere is also some meat in the kitchen, 4________ it is old and rottenIt’s for the dogTake care of everything
The moment the rich man left home, the servant opened the cupboard and began to enjoy all the nice things in itHe 5____________(empty) the two bottles of wine and ate up everything he could find in the cupboardWith great 6___________(satisfy), he soon fell asleepThe old man didn’t return home until midnightHe looked in the cupboard only to find all his wine and food 7__________(go)He was so mad that he called the servant over to himThe servant said 8________ the old man could open his mouth, “Oh, MasterWhile you were away, the neighbor’s cat broke into our kitchen and ate up everythingI knew you would be  angry with me, so I drank the two bottles of poison to kill 9_________Please don’t be angry with a 10_________(die) man
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:131评分:

五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  I was walking to school this morning when I caught a sight of an old woman with a walking stick lain on the groundI ran over quick to help her up and asked her what was wrong with herShe told me she slips and fell due to heart troubleI was worrying and decided to take her to a hospitalAnd then I went to a department store near the hospitals and contacted her familySoon her son and daughter came the hospitalHe thanked and praised me for my kindness by writing me a thank-you letterAlthough I was later for school today, I felt very proud of that I had done
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:91评分:

六、书面表达

报错
9.假定你是李华,最近你在当地报纸上看到一则游泳培训班的广告,称其有称职教练( instructor),一周包会。你会一点游泳,但水性不太好,想在暑假参加训练。请你写一封咨询信了解相关情况,要点如下:
1.训练的具体时间和地点。
2.条件和费用。
3.其他特别注意的事项。
注意
1.词数 100 左右。
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3.开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Sir/Madam,
  I have read your advertisement in the newspaper________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
  I am looking forward to hearing from you soon
Your s sincerely
Li Hua
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:98评分:
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