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2016届甘肃省兰州第一中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:甘肃试卷年份:2015年题数:9浏览数:685解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项。
  According to the US governmentwind farms off the Pacific coast could produce 900 gigawatts of electricity every yearUnfortunatelythe water there is far too deep for even the tallest windmills to touch bottomAn experiment under way off the coast of Norwayhowevercould help put them anywhere
  The projectcalled Hywindis the world’s first large-scale deepwater wind turbine(涡轮发电机).Although it uses a fairly standard 152-ton23-megawatt turbineHywind represents totally new technologyThe turbine will be fixed 213 feet above the water on a floating spara technology Hywind’s creatorthe Norwegian company StatoilHydrohas developed recentlyThe steel sparwhich is filled with stones and goes 328 feet below the sea surfacewill be tied to the ocean floor by three cables ; these will keep the spar stable and prevent the turbine from moving up and down in the wavesHywind’s stability in the cold and rough sea would prove that even the deepest corners of the ocean are suitable for wind powerIf all goes according to the planthe turbine will start producing electricity six miles off the coast of southwestern Norway as early as September
  To produce electricity on a large scalea commercial wind farm will have to use bigger turbines than Hywind doesbut it’s difficult enough to balance such a large turbine so high on a floating spar in the middle of the oceanTo make that turbine heavierthe whole spar’s center of gravity must be moved much closer to the ocean’s surfaceTo do thatthe company plans to design a new kind of wind turbineone whose gearbox(变速箱) sits at sea level rather than behind the blades
  Hywind is a test runbut the benefits for perfecting floating wind-farm technology could be extremely largeOut at seathe wind is often stronger and steadier than close to shorewhere all existing offshore windmills are plantedDeep-sea farms are invisible from landwhich helps overcome the windmill-as-eyesore objectionIf the technology catches onit will open up vast areas of the planet’s surface to one of the best low-carbon power sources available
1The Hywind project uses totally new technology to ensure the stability of_________
  Athe cables which tie the spar to the ocean floor
  Bthe spar which is floating in deep-sea water
  Cthe blades driven by strong and steady sea wind
  Dthe stones filled in the spar below the sea surface
2To balance a bigger turbine high on a floating spara new type of turbine is to be designed with its gearbox sitting_________
  Aon the sea floor
  Bon the spar top
  Cat sea level
  Dbehind the blades
3Wide applications of deepwater wind power technology can_________
  Asolve the technical problems of deepwater windmills
  Bmake financial profits by producing more turbines
  Csettle the arguments about environmental problems
  Dexplore low-carbon power resources available at sea
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报错
2.  Mark and his brother Jason both were looking at the shining new computer enviouslyJason was determined not to go against their father's wishes but Mark was more adventurous than his brotherHe loved experimenting and his aim was to become a scientist like  his father
  “Dad will be really mad if he finds out you've been playing with his new computer”Jason said“He told us not to touch it
  “He won't find out” Mark said“I'll just have a quick look and shut it down
  Mark had been scolded before for touching his father's equipmentBut his curiosity was difficult to control and this new computer really puzzled him
  It was a strange­looking machine—one his dad had brought home from the laboratory where he worked“It's an experimental model” his father had explained“so don't touch it under any circumstances” But his father's warning only served to make Mark more curiousWithout any further thoughtMark turned on the power switchThe computer burst into life and seconds laterthe screen turned into colorsshifting and changing and then two big white words appeared in the center of the screen“SPACE TRANSPORTER
  “Yes” Mark cried excitedly“It's a computer gameI knew itDad's only been pretending to workHe's really been playing games instead” A new message appeared on the screen“ENTER NAMES
  VOYAGER 1:...
  VOYAGER 2:...
  Mark's fingers flew across the keyboard as he typed in both of their names
  “INPUT ACCEPTEDSTART TRANSPORT PROGRAMAUTO­RETRIEVE INITIATED(自动回收程序已启动).
  The screen turned even brighter and a noise suddenly rose in volume
  “I think we'd better shut it offMark” Jason yelledreaching for the power switchHe was really frightened
  But his hand never reached the switchA single beam of dazzling white light burst out of the computer screenwrapping the boys in its glow(光芒),until they themselves seemed to be glowingThen it died down just as suddenly as it had burst into lifeAnd the boys were no longer thereOn the screenthe letters changed
  “TRANSPORT SUCCESSFULDESTINATION: MARSRETRIEVE DATE2025
1Why did Mark touch the computer against his father's warning?
  AHe wanted to take a voyage
  BHe wanted to practice his skill
  CHe was so much attracted by it
  DHe was eager to do an experiment
2Where did the boys' father most likely work?
  AIn an electronic factory
  BIn a computer company
  CIn a scientific research center
  DIn an information processing center
3Mark thought “SPACE TRANSPORTER” on the screen was the name of ________
  Aa computer game
  Ba company website
  Ca software producer
  Dan astronomy program
4Why did Jason want to shut off the computer?
  AHe was afraid of being scolded
  BHe didn't like the loud noise and light
  CHe didn't want to play games any more
  DHe was afraid something dangerous might happen
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报错
3.  Researchers from France and Italy discovered that Canadian parents are less strict with their children than mothers and fathers in France and Italy
  “Our most important finding was the difference between Canadians and the others” said Professor Michel Claesthe lead author of the study“Canadians focus on independence and negotiationOn the other handItaliansfor exampleexercise more controlWe found Canadians seem to focus on negotiation in case of a conflict
  Claes said CanadaFrance and Italy were selected for the study because they share important cultural and social factors“We chose French­Canadians because they share the same language as Franceand originally came from France and share certain valuesItaly was included because it was considered to have similarstrong and important family values” he explained
  The researchers examined the emotional ties between parents and their children by questioning 1256 students aged 11 to 19 years old
  Canadian students reported less control and more free actionsaccording to the studyItalian parents were stricter and French parents were somewhere in the middle
  Claes explains that the differences lie in education in CanadaFrance and Italy
  “North America has its own educational valueswhich promote individualizationTolerance and comprehension are encouragedItalyon the other handpromotes respect of authoritycontroland the need for permission” he said
  Children from all three countries described their mothers as warm and communicativeItalian and Canadian children had similar feelings about their fathersand reported high levels of emotional tiesBut French fathers were generally thought by their children to be more distant and cold
  “We were surprised by this” Claes admitted“It seems as though the relationships between French mothers and their children were becoming closer over timewhile fathers maintain a form of distance and coldnesswhich is more of a source of conflict in France than in the other countries
1Professor Michel Claes believes that CanadaFrance and  Italy ________
  Ahave the same family spirit
  Bhave some similar cultural traditions
  Chave experienced some similar social changes
  Dhave experienced similar cultural developments
2How did the researchers carry out the study ?
  ABy collecting answers of parents from CanadaFrance and Italy
  BBy collecting answers of children from CanadaFrance and Italy
  CBy questioning parents and their children from Italian Canadian families
  DBy  questioning  children  from  French­Canadian families
3According to Michel Claeswhat mainly leads to the differences in parent­children relationships among CanadaFrance and Italy?
  AEducational opportunities
  BTraditional ideas
  CEducational values
  DHistorical events
4Which of the following is NOT a finding of the study?
  AFrench children have troubled relationships with their parents
  BCanadian children have close relationships with their parents
  CItalian children have good relationships with their parents
  DKids from CanadaFrance and Italy have closer ties with their moms
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报错
4.  An idea that started in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyondThe concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same time
  In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit(追求) to be enjoyed by allthe program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the busas well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schoolsThe idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched(发起)the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book " project in 1998Her original program used author visitsstudy guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a bookbut the idea  has since expanded to many other American citiesand even to Hong Kong
  In Chicagothe mayor appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the "One BookOne Chicago" programAs a resultreading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the cityAcross the USstories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at  night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and character
  The only problem arose in New York where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse populationThis may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large townswhere a greater sense of unity(一致)can be achieved Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself
  Ultinatelas Nancy points outthe level of success is not measured by how many people read a bookbut by how many people are enriched by the processor have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would  not otherwise have shared a word
1What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy?
  ATo invite authors to guide readers
  BTo encourage people to read and share
  CTo involve people in community service
  DTo promote the friendship between cities
2Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project?
  AThey had little interest in reading
  BThey were too busy to read a book
  CThey came from many different backgrounds
  DThey lacked support from the local government
3According to the passagewhere would the project be more easily carried out?
  AIn large communities with little sense of unity
  BIn large cities where libraries are far from home
  CIn medium-sized cities with a diverse population
  DIn large towns where agreement can be quickly reached
4According to Nancythe degree of students of the project is judged by
  Athe careful selection of a proper book
  Bthe growing popularity of the writers
  Cthe number of people who benefit from reading
  Dthe number of books that each person reads
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二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  You’re probably most familiar with college dictionariesoften called abridged dictionariesAlthough abridged means ―shortenedthese dictionaries contain more than 150000 entries and provide detailed definitions that are sufficient for most college students and general users
  1__________Webster’s New Riverside University Dictionary and the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language are college dictionaries
  Unabridged dictionaries contain as many as 500000 entries and provide detailed definitions and extensive word historiesetymologies词源).2__________Unabridged dictionaries include the Oxford English Dictionary and the Random House Dictionary of the English Language
  3__________Some entries also include plurals and capitalized formssynonymsantonymsand derivativesAmericanisms and etymologies may be provided along with usage notescross-referencesand idiomsIf you prefer using the dictionary on a computeryou can obtain CD-ROM versions of many major dictionariesIn additionyou can access numerous dictionariessuch as WWWebster’s Dictionaryon the Internet4__________Online dictionaries also offer additional featuressuch as word gameslanguage tipsand amusing facts about wordsSome online dictionary services allow you to access numerous dictionariesboth general and specializedin on search
  5__________For examplethere are dictionaries for the specialized vocabularies of lawcomputer technologyand medicineIn additionthere are dictionaries of synonymscliche’sslangand even regional expressionssuch as the Dictionary of American Regional EnglishDARE).There are also dictionaries of foreign languagesfamous people’s namesliterary characters’ names and place names
ASpecialized dictionaries provide in-depth information about a certain field
BThese dictionariespossibly in several volumes and mostly found in librariesare excellent sources for scholarly inquiries
CBut dictionaries these days do not judge how a word should be usedThey simply describe how people use themand Random Housefor examplehave free online services
DOnline dictionaries allow you to enter a search word to see a definitionand sometimes even an illustration
ECollege dictionaries also contain separate lists of abbreviationsbiographical and
geographical namesforeign words and phrasesand tables of measures
FA dictionary entry has many elements: multiple definitionssyllabicationpreferred spelling and pronunciationand part-of-speech labels
GMany of the 10000 new words in the Eleventh Edition of the Collegiate Dictionary  involve computers
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三、阅读填空

报错
6.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的适当形式。
  By 2050Futurologists(未来学家) predict that life will probably be very different  1______ 2050
  TV channels will have disappeared2_________people will choose a program from a “menu” and a computer will send the program 3_______direct to the televisionTodaywe can use the World Wide Web 4_______read newspaper stories and see pictures on a computer thousands of kilometers awayBy 2050musicfilmsprogramsnewspapers5_______ books will come to us by computer
  Cars will run on newclean fuels and they will go very fastCars will have computers to control the speed and there won’t 6______any accidentsTodaymany cars have computers 7_______tell drivers exactly where they areBy 2050the computer will control the car and drive it to your destinationSpace planes will take people halfway around the world 8______  2 hoursToday9_______United States Space Shuttle can go into space and 10______ on Earth againBy 2050space planes will fly all over the world and people will fly from Los Angeles to Tokyo in just 2 hours
  Robots will have 11_______place people in factoriesMany factories already use robotsBig companies prefer robots—they don’t ask for pay rises or go on strikeand they work 24 hours a 12______By 2050we will see robots everywhere—in factoriesschoolsofficeshospitalsshops and homes
  Medical technology will have conquered many 13________Todaythere is equipment that connects directly to the brain 14____help people hearBy 2050we will be able to help blind and deaf people to see and hear 15______
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四、完形填空

报错
7.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  Shirley Allen loved to sing and play the pianoShe studied music in college and her ___1___ was to become a concert pianist or blues singerEverything ___2___ when she was 20 years oldShe became sick with what doctors ___3___ was typhoid fever(伤寒)and she almost diedDoctors gave her medicine to help her get wellbut the medicine ___4___ her to become ___5___ deafShe could no longer hear the music which she had always___6___
  Shirley would never give up playing the piano___7___she did decide to change___8___She transferred to Gallaudet University and studied English In 1964 Shirley graduated from Gallaudet and looked for___9___She wanted to be ___10___and work full time
  For three yearsShirley worked as a clerk in WashingtonDC___11___in 1967 she was asked to work at Gallaudet University as a dorm supervisor(宿舍监管员).Shirley supervised young women who ___12___ in the university during the school yearShe also taught EnglishSomehow she found time to ___13___ graduate school at Howard University in WashingtonDCIn 1972Shirley received her MAdegree
Always ___14___ a new challengein 1973 Shirley became a professor at National Technical Institute for the DeafNTID),which ___15___ deaf and hard-of-hearing students technical and professional training
  This ___16___ woman became the first black deaf female in the world to receive her PhDShe made ___17___ in 1992 ___18___ she received the highest degree in education from the University of Rochester in New York
  DrShirley Jeanne Allen has traveled many roads and ___19___ many rainbows searching for her dreamWith courage and ___20___she never gave up
1Ajob               Binterest         Cduty             Ddream
2Adisappeared       Bchanged          Cstopped          Dended
3Asaid              Bagreed           Cfound            Dthought
4Aallowed           Bcaused           Cencouraged       Denabled
5Aalmost            Bactually         Ctotally          Dgradually
6Aloved             Bplayed           Cperformed        Dremembered
7Aand               Bso               Cbut              Deven if
8Acareer            Binterest         Clife             Dattitude
9Ainformation       Bhelp             Can assistant     Da job
10Ahappy            Bindependent      Cfree             Dconfident
11AHowever          BThen             CTherefore        DBesides
12Aworked           Bstudied          Clived            Dplayed
13Aattend           Bobserve          Cdescribe         Dadvertise
14Ainterested in    Bbusy with        Cconcerned about  Dready for
15Ateaches          Boffers           Cpays             Dpromises
16Aamazing          Bstrict           Cwealthy          Dbeautiful
17Aprogress         Bexcuses          Csuggestions      Dhistory
18Aafter            Bwhile            Cuntil            Dwhen
19Afound            Bwatched          Cfollowed         Dappreciated
20Aintelligence     Bdetermination    Cstrength         Dpride
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五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出改加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处。
  As studentsall of us will be faced a problem after passed the college entrance examinationShould we choose a good major and a good university first? Here are some different ideasSome more prefer to choose a major first so they can learn that they are interested inIn this way they can put their hearts into study and got their favorite jobs in the futureOther believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and that graduates from key universities  are more likely to find good jobs
  As long as I’m concernedthe best choice is a good university if we can’t obtain all
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六、书面表达

报错
9.假如你是李夏。你看到关国留学生Sharon 在网上发贴,.希望有人能帮助她提高普通话
Mandarin)水平,她可以教英语作为回报。请银据以下提示用英语给她写一封电于哪件。
1.表达给她提供帮助的意愿;
2.说明你能胜任辅导的理由;
3.给出讲好普通话的两点建议;
4.提出你学习英语的具体需求。
注意:
1.词数120左右,开头语已为你写好;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称;
Hi Sharon
  This is Li XiaI learned from your post that you want to improve your Mandarin_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Li Xia
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