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2016届北京市海淀区高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:北京试卷年份:2015年题数:23浏览数:1836解析人:易题库

一、单选题

报错
1.Focus on what you are supposed to do every day and you __________ gradual progress
A.make
B.will make
C.made
D.would make
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:168评分:
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2.—It’s amazing that Beijing and Zhangjiakou have won the bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics
—Sure it isThe government __________ have made great efforts
A.could
B.should
C.might
D.must
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:130评分:
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3.The band_________ members are all over 70 is currently on tour all over country
A.whose
B.who
C.which
D.what
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4.The hikers made marks on the way ________ they wouldn’t get lost in the mountain
A.as if
B.so that
C.even though
D.in case
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5.When I asked if __________ would help meTony was the first to volunteer
A.everyone
B.none
C.anyone
D.all
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6.—Did you watch the live broadcast of China’s military parade on September3rd
—It’s a pity that I missed itI ________ to New York then
A.would fly
B.flew
C.was flying
D.have flown
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:188评分:
报错
7.Some experts believe ________ our personalities are largely determined by genetic factors
A.that
B.whether
C.what
D.how
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8._________ ups and downs in the past four yearsBob finally succeeded in extending his business overseas
A.Experienced
B.To experience
C.Having experienced
D.Experiencing
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报错
9.Jack is sort of nervous as his examination results _________ to his parents in three days
A.were sent
B.are sent
C.have been sent
D.will be sent
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:200评分:
报错
10.If you had told me in advanceI __________ him at the airport
A.will meet
B.would meet
C.will have met
D.would have met
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:171评分:
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11.At the bad newsthe woman put her hands _________ her eyes and cried out
A.across
B.over
C.above
D.between
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:167评分:
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12.Winter _________but children can’t wait to go skiing
A.won’t arrive
B.didn’t arrive
C.hadn’t arrived
D.hasn’t arrived
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:205评分:
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13.Washing hands thoroughly is one of the effective ways to avoid ________ by virus
A.being infected
B.infecting
C.to be infected
D.to infect
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:156评分:
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14.Career advisors often suggest people find a job _______ they can get a sense of achievement
A.that
B.what
C.where
D.which
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:192评分:
报错
15.__________ something unexpected happensI will meet you at the school gate tomorrow morning
A.When
B.Unless
C.Since
D.If
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:205评分:

第二部分 非选择题

二、完形填空

报错
16.阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的ABCD 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Speaking Up
  I never looked up when my friends were talking and joking about the ratarded(智障的)boy a few tables awayIt didn’t even cross my mind that he might feel ____1____when people whispered about himSo I just let them talk
  Then came the day when I learned my little brother Martin’s testing for autism(自闭症)came out positive(阳性).I had never thought about him like thatI broke ____2____cryingEverything had just changerHe was no longer an____3____little boy
  Over timeI was able to accept his ____4____ a little moreWe had to ____5____ because Martin needed treatmentSo Martin and I both started at a new schoolOne dayI was standing in the bus line waiting when a “short” busfor the retardedcame and ____6____ up some kidsThe children in the other line started making ____7____about the “ retarded ” on that bus and I felt a ____8____ feeling in my heartI said quietly that those comments weren’t very nice____9____ no one listened
  My family moved againIn the new school I got a ____10____to speak up pretty soonThat dayin a band classmy teacher ____11____our playing to make some comments“ …Guyswe’re playing like the kids on the short bus! Come on! ” The entire room was laughing loudlyI felt very ____12____ThenI raised my handI wasn’t sure what I was going to say but I wanted to be heard
  The whole class ____13____ downMy mouth opened and this came out: “I don’t think we should make fun of the short busbecause there are people on that bus who have a lot in common with us and have the same feelings as we do”I could feel my ____14____ getting louder“So I would ____15____it if you didn’t make fun of them
  The room was very quiet and everyone stared at meMy teacher ____16____ for his words and then started the song againAt the end of the classeveryone was giving me strange looksBut I didn’t ___17_____because I knew three things: I had spoken the ____18____I had taught everyone somethingand while everyone in the classroom was being a followerI had ___19_____ to take a different path since I wanted to become a ___20_____ and a role model
1Aamazed         Bhurt          Cuncertain       Dcold
2Aoff            Bin            Cdown            Daway
3Anormal         Bnoisy         Coutstanding     Dimpressive
4Apain           Binterest      Copinion         Dillness
5Achange         Bmove          Cquit            Dstudy
6Aset            Btook          Cbrought         Dpicked
7Ajokes          Bcomplaints    Cchoices         Ddiscoveries
8Aviolent        Bstrange       Cconfusing       Dclear
9Abecause        Bif            Cbut             Dso
10Achance        Bposition      Ctopic           Dpoint
11Aencouraged    Bbothered      Cenjoyed         Dstopped
12Abad           Bembarrassed   Ctense           Dguilty
13Asat           Bslowed        Cquieted         Dlooked
14Apace          Bvoice         Cpulse           Dbreath
15Aexcuse        Bappreciate    Cstand           Dpermit
16Aapologized    Bfought        Callowed         Dargued
17Aunderstand    Bnotice        Creturn          Dcare
18Awisdom        Bimportance    Cmatter          Dtruth
19Ahelped        Bdecided       Cagreed          Dhoped
20Areporter      Bthinker       Cleader          Dtrainer
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三、阅读理解

报错
17.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
  One daya college student was taking a walk with a professorAs they went alongthey saw lying in the path a pair of old shoesThey supposed the shoes belonged to a poor man who was employed in a field close byand who had nearly finished his day’s wordThe student turned to the professorsaying“ Let us play the man a trick: we will hide his shoesand hide ourselves behind those bushesand wait to see his confusion when he cannot find them”
  “My young friend” answered the professor“we should never amuse ourselves at the expense of the poorBut you are richand may give yourself a much greater pleasure by tricking on the poor manPut a coin into each shoeand then we will hide ourselves and watch how the discovery affects him
  The student did soand they both placed themselves behind the bushes close byThe poor man soon finished his workand came across the field to the path where he had left his coat and shoesAfter he slipped his foot into one of his shoeshe felt something hardHe bent down to feel what it wasand found the coinAstonishment and wonder were seen on his faceHe fixed his eyes on the cointurned it roundand looked at it again and againHe then looked around him on all sidesbut no person was to be seenHe now put the money into his pocketand continued to put on the other shoe; but his surprise was doubled on finding the other coinHis feelings overcame himHe fell upon his kneeslooked up to heaven and cried a sincere thanksgivingin which he spoke of his wifesick and helplessand his children without breadWhom the timely helpfrom some unknown handwould save from dying
  The student stood theredeeply affectedand his eyes filled with tears“Now”said the professor“are you not much better pleased than if you had played your intended trick” The youth replied“You have taught me a lesson which I will never forget
1The student wanted to play the poor man a trick to ____________
  Afind the truth
  Bshow his wisdom
  Camuse himself
  Dteach him a lesson
2After finding the two coinsthe man felt__________
  Ahelpless
  Binterested
  Cpeaceful
  Dthankful
3We can know from the passage that the professor is ________
  Awise    Brich    Chumorous    Dserious
4What dose the story intend to tell us
  AA small act of kindness brings great joy
  BGod helps those who help themselves
  CWhere there is a willthere is a way
  DActions speak louder than words
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:220评分:
报错
18.
B
Tips for Cycle Trips
  Cycling has many advantages as a form of travelas it is the fastest way to travel by human Powerand slow enough to allow the type of local involvement that is impossible with powered travelCycle travel is a cheap form of transportation
Distance
  On level terrain(地形),without a headwinda cyclist of average fitness on a touring bike can comfortably cover 60-120km a dayDistances of up to 250km a day are possiblebut anything much beyond 120km will require considerable physical tension and not allow many stops to enjoy the places you visitFor many80-100km a day will be the most suitable distance to aim foras it will give a sense of achievement and also leave plenty of time for meals and activities
Geography
  The gradient(坡度)of the trip will reduce your rangeA basic rule is that for every 100 metres of altitude you climbyou should add an extra 15 minutes to your journey timeIn hilly or mountainous areasthe easiest routes for cycling are downstream along major riversas overall they will be downhillA longroundabout route along a river will usually be easier than a shortdirect route over a hill or mountain passHoweverit is worth bearing in mind that the most scenic routes often come from hilly terrain
Eat
  Food choice depends largely on where you areso see the respective sections for more information about foodsAs you will be working hardit's important to get enough energy in your foodOn long trips away from major towns-there may be little quality food availableso be prepared to live on candy barsprepared meat products and the like if the need arises
Sleep
  While you can take a tent with youmany hotels and especially campsites can accommodate cyclistsHoweverthere are also some hotels that may be less used to accommodating cyclistsIf you are exploring an unfamiliar wordasking about the accommodation spares you the search for a new place to stay after a long exhausting day of travel
1Which of the following distance does the author suggest to ordinary cyclists a day?
  A50km    B90km    C130km    D250km
2Form the passagewe can learn that_____________
  Ahigh quality food is easy to get on long trips
  Bhotels seldom provide accommodation for cyclists
  Ccycling over a mountain is challenging but worthy
  Dit takes cyclists 15 minutes to climb 100m of altitude
3We can probably read this passage in___________
  Aa geography book
  Ba research report
  Ca science fiction
  Da travel magazine
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报错
19.
C
Time Travel

  If you could travel in timewhere would you go? Perhaps you would watch an originalperformance of a Shakespeare’s play in Elizabethan England?What about hanging out with Laozi in the Spring and Autumn Period? Or maybe you’d voyage far ahead of the present day to see what the future holdsThe possibility of time travel is indeed appealingStories exploring the subject have been around for hundreds of yearsPerhaps the best known example is science fiction novel The Time Machinewhich was written by HGWells and published in 1895 for the first timeIt was adapted into at least two feature films of the same nameas well as two television versionsand a large number of comic book adaptationsIt is generally credited with the popularization of the concept of time travel using a vehicle that allows an operator to travel purposefully and selectivelyThe term “time machine”coined by Wellsis now universally used to refer to a vehicle transporting people into the far future
  But could time travel actually be possible? Some scientists say yesin theroyThey propose using cracks in time and space called“wormholes”which could be used as shortcuts to other periodsEinstein's theory of relativity allows time travel in extreme circumstancesAnd British physicist Stephen Hawking says you could travel into the future with a really fast spaceship—going at nearly the speed of lightThough building such a spaceship would of course be no simple task
  Even if you could travel into the pastthere is something called the “grandfather paradox”It asks what would happen if a time traveler were to go back in time and have his own grandfather killed for some reasonand therefore prevent himself from being bornIf the time traveler wasn't bornhow would he travel back in time
  And would you really like to visit the futureIn HGWells' bookthe main character travels into distant time where he arrives at a beach and is attacked by giant crabsHe then voyages 30 million years into the future where the only living thing is a black object with tentacles(触角).If that's what's in storemaybe we are better just living in the present day after all
1The novel The Time Machine mentioned in Paragraph 2 aims to show___________
  APeople's interest in time travel
  Bthe special feature of the book
  Cthe long history of time travel
  Dthe contribution of HGWells
2Einstein's and Hawking's theories_________
  Ahave similarities in many ways
  Bpush the invention of the first spaceship
  Chave proved wrong by some time travelers
  Dsuggest the possibility to invent the time machine
3In Paragraph 4“grandfather paradox”probably refers to the idea that__________
  Athe traveler is prevented from meeting his grandfather
  Bthe traveler goes back in time to seek for his grandfather
  Cthe grandfather's death makes the traveler's birth impossible
  DThe reunion of the traveler and his grandfather brings happiness
4According to the passagewhat is probably the author's attitude towards time travel
  AUnclear    BSkeptical    CSupportive    DUnconcerned
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:295评分:
报错
20.
D
  Speed-reading is a necessary skill in the Internet ageWe skim over articlese-mails and WeChat to try to grasp key words and the essential meaning of a certain textSurrounded with information from our electronic devicesit would be impossible to cope if we read word by wordline by lineBut a new trend calls on people to unplug and enjoy reading slowlylisting benefits beyond the intelligent stimulation
  A recent story from The Wall Street Journal reported on a book club in WellingtonNew Zealandwhere members meet in a cafe and turn off their smartphonesThey sink into cozy chairs and read in silence for an hourUnlike traditional book clubsthe point of the slow reading club isn't exchanging ideas about a certain bookbut to get away from electronic devices and read in a quietrelaxed environmentAccording to the Journalthe Wellington book club is just one example of a movement started by book lovers who miss the old-fashioned way of reading before the Internet and smartphones
  Slow readerssuch as The Atlantic's Maura Kellysay a regular reading habit sharpens the mindimproves concentrationreduces stress levels and deepens the ability to sympathizeAnother study published last year in Science showed that reading novels helps people understand other's mental states and beliefsa fundamental skill in building relationshipsYet technology has made us less attentive readersScreens have changed our reading patterns from the straight and informationleft-to-right sequence to a wild skimming and skipping pattern as we hunt for important words and informationReading text punctuated with links leads to weaker comprehension than reading plain textThe Internet may have made us stupidersays Patrick Kingsley from The GuardianBecause of the Internethe sayswe have become very good at collecting a wide range of interesting newsbut we are also gradually forgetting how to sit backreflectand relate all these facts to each other
  Slow reading means a return to an uninterruptedstraight patternin a quiet environment free of distractionsAim for 30 minutes a dayadvises Kelly from The Atlantic“You can squeeze in that half hour pretty easily if only during your free momentsyou pick up a meaningful work of literature” Kelly said“Reach for your e-readerif you likeKindles make books like War and Peace less heavynot less substantiveand also ensure you'll never lose your place
1The book club in Wellington mentioned in Paragraph 2 shows____________
  Athe new trend of slow reading
  Bthe decline of electronic devices
  Cthe importance of exchanging ideas
  Dthe increasing number of club readers
2According to Patrick Kingsleypeople are stupider partly because of_________
  Aa non-stop reading pattern
  Bthe straightleft-to-right screen
  Ca wide range of interesting news
  Dthe lack of reflection
3According to the passageslow reading___________
  Acontributes to understanding among people
  Bpromotes the current technology advances
  Cprovides people with a quiet environment
  Dcures the memory loss of elderly people
4What's the best title for the passage?
  ABenefit of Reading Clubs
  BReturn of Slow Reading
  CReading of the Internet Age
  DInfluence of Speed Reading
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四、信息匹配

报错
21.根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为
多余选项。
Attraction of the Minions
  When it comes to filmpeople usually favor good over evilfocus on the hero and ignore the supporting characters__1 __

  Originally comedic background characters in the film Despicable Me(卑鄙的我),these yellow pill-shaped nutshave totally stolen the show and turned into a popular figureThis summer the characters debuted(首演)in their own self-titled movie in theaters abroadhaving the second biggest opening weekend of all time for a cartoon film according to USA TodayRecentlyMcDonald’s has been including Minion toys with kids’ meals in some areascausing loyal fans to flock to the restaurant to collect them all__2 __
  The movie’s huge popularity even surprised its writers“We never knew the Minions were[going to be so popularIt just became a force of nature” the film’s co-writer Cinco Paul told the Los Angeles Times
  __3 __For manythe appeal is obviously their cutenessTheir simple nature can easily surpass cultures and age groupsEven children can draw themThousands of examples of fan-made Minion art from fingernails to Halloween clothes are visible on global social media platforms
  But there’s more to the phenomenon than just cutenessUS entertainment website Hit Fix explains that their way of communicating makes the creatures influential as well__4 __ But it seems everyone can understand them through their exaggerated(夸张的)movements and expressions
  More importantlytheir childlike mannerisms is a brand of humor that wins hearts“Clumsyfoolish Minions are recognized as the ultimate β personalities” wrote Peter Debruge of US entertainment magazine Variety
  They desire nothing more than to serve their most despicable master__5__ "Perhaps we love Minions because they remind us of ourselves" Huffington Post associate Web editor Sara Boboltz wrote"or an evil version of ourselves"
ASo what makes the banana-loving Minions a big hit?
BBesidestheir childlike manner entertains fans more
CAnd this evil characteristic arouses sympathy among humans
DRelated video gamestoys and other goods are sweeping the world
EMinions is a 2015 American 3D computer-animated family comedy film
FBut when it comes to the Minionsthese conventions go right out the window
GThe largely speak in nonsense words with the occasional recognizable terms like “potato”
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:222评分:

五、书面表达

报错
22.假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请给你的外教Jim 写一封邮件,告诉他你打算参加“彩色跑”,希望他一起参加。邮件的内容包括:
1.介绍“彩色跑”的相关内容(例如:时间、地点、参加者等);
2.说明你打算参加的原因;
3.询问对方的意向。
注意:1.词数不少于50
    2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
提示词:彩色跑 The Color Run
Dear Jim
_______________________________________________________________________
Yours
Li Hua
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:216评分:
报错
23.假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。上个周末,为了给校的外籍学生营造学习中国文化的氛围,你们班布置了一间“中国小屋”,做为他们日常学习和活动的教室。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍这一过程,并向校刊“英语园地”投稿。
注意:词数不少于60
提示词:中国小屋 Chamber of China

难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:247评分:
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