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江西省赣州市寻乌中学2016-2017学年高二上学期开学考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高二试卷类型:月考试卷适用省份:江西试卷年份:2016年题数:10浏览数:10415解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.
 
A
    Do dogs understand us?
    Be careful what you say around your dogIt might understand more than you think
    A border collie named Rico recognizes the names of about 200 objects, say researchers in GermanyThe dog also appears to be able to learn new words as easily as a 3-year-old childIts word-learning skills are as good as those of a parrot or chimpanzee(黑猩猩)
    In one experiment, the researchers took all 200 items that Rico is supposed to know and divided them into 20 groups of 10 objectsThen the owner told the dog to go and fetch one of the items and bring it backIn four tests, Rico got 37 out of 40 commands rightAs the dog couldn't see anyone to get clues, the scientists believe Rico must understand the meanings of certain words
    In another experiment, the scientists took one toy that Rico had never seen before and put it in a room with seven toys whose names the dog already knewThe owner then told Rico to fetch the object, using a word the dog had never heard before
The correct object was chosen in seven out of l0 tests, suggesting that the dog had worked out the answer by process of elimination(排除法)A month later, Rico remembered half of the new names, which is even more impressive
    Rico is thought to be smarter than the average dogFor one thing, Rico is a border collie, a breed (品种)known for its mental abilitiesIn addition, the 9-year-old dog has been trained to fetch toys by their names since the age of nine months
    It's hard to know if all dogs understand at least some of the words we sayEven if they do, they can't talk backStill, it wouldn't hurt to sweet-talk your dog every now and thenYou might just get a big, wet kiss in return!
1Both experiments show that    
   ARico is smart enough to get all commands right
   BRico can recognize different things including toys
   CRico has developed the ability of learning mathematics
   DRico won't forget the names of objects once recognizing them
2Which of the following statements is true?
   AThe purpose of the experiments is to show the border collie's mental abilities
   BRico has a better memory partly because of its proper early training
   CThe border collie is world-famous for recognizing objects
   DRico is born to understand its owner's commands
3What does the writer want to tell us?
   ATo train your dog
   BTo talk to your dog
   CTo be friendly to your dog
   DTo be careful with your dog
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:716评分:
报错
2.
 
B
Dear Alcohol,
    You've been around foreverI can remember all the pain you've caused for me
    Do you remember the night you almost took my father's life? I doHe loves you
    Sometimes I think he loves you more than he loves meHe's addicted to you, to the way you promise to rid him of his problems only to cause more of themYou just sat back and laughed as his car went spinning through the street, crashing into two other carsHe wasn't the only one hurt by you that night
    Do you remember the night of my first high school party? You were thereMy friends were intrigued by youThey treated you as if they were never going to see you again, drinking all of you that they couldI spent two hours that night helping my friends who had fallen completely"I'm so embarrassed," they said as I held their hair back so that they could vomit "I'm sorry," they said when I called taxies for them, walking them out and paying the driver in advance"This won't happen again," they said as they were sent to the hospital to have their stomachs pumpedTwo 15-year-old girls slept in hospital beds that night thanks to you
    Do you remember the night when you took advantage of my 17-year-old neighbor who had to drive to pick up his sister from her dance lessons? Do you know how we all felt when he hit another car and killed the two people in the other car? He died the next morning tooHis sister walked home from her dance lesson, and passed police cars and a crowd of people gathering on the sidewalk just two blocks away from the dance studioShe didn't realize her brother was in the midst of it allShe never saw him againAnd it's all your fault
    I wish you'd walk out of my life foreverI don't want anything to do with youLook at all the pain you've causedSure, you've made people happy too from time to timeBut the damage you've caused in the lives of millions is inexcusableStop luring (引诱) in the people I loveStop hurting me, please
1What is the author's purpose in writing to alcohol?
   ATo introduce MrAlcohol to the readers
   BTo show how much alcohol can hurt people
   CTo describe the harm alcohol did to his family
   DTo show the great fun that alcohol can bring to people's life
2What did alcohol do to the author's father?
   AIt made him get into a car accident and badly injure himself
   BIt made him drink too much and he had to get his stomach pumped
   CIt made him kill two other people when driving
   DIt made him crash into two other cars and took his life
3The underlined phrase "were intrigued by" is closest in meaning to      
   Awere familiar with
   Bwere satisfied with
   Cwere disappointed with
   Dwere interested in
4What is the tone of the article?
   ACritical
   BDoubtful
   CUnconcerned
   DHumorous
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:597评分:
报错
3.
 
C
    It’s that time of year when people need to lock their carsIt’s not because there are a lot of criminals running around stealing carsRather, it’s because of good-hearted neighbors who want to share their harvestEspecially with this year’s large crop, leaving a car unlocked in my neighborhood is an invitation for someone to fill it with zucchini(西葫芦).
    My sister, Sharon, recently had a good year for tomatoesShe and her family had eaten and canned so many that they had begun to feel their skin turn slightly redThat’s when she decided it was time to share her blessingsShe started calling everyone she knewWhen that failed, she began asking everyone in the neighborhood, eventually finding a neighbor delighted to have the tomatoes“Feel free to take whatever you want,” Sharon told herLater that day, Sharon found that her garden had indeed been harvestedShe felt happy that she could help someone and that the food didn’t go to waste
    A few days later, Sharon answered the doorThere was the neighbor, holding a hot loaf of breadThe neighbor smiled pleasantly, “I wanted to thank you for all of the tomatoes, and I have to admit that I took a few other things and hoped you wouldn’t mind
    Sharon couldn’t think of anything else in her garden that had been worth harvesting and said so“Oh, but you did,” the neighbor said“You had some of the prettiest zucchini I’ve ever seen
    Sharon was confusedThey hadn’t even planted any zucchiniBut her neighbor insisted that there really were bright-green zucchini in her gardenSharon felt curious and decided to go to see where the zucchini had grownThe two of them walked together into the backyardWhen the neighbor pointed at the long green vegetables, Sharon smiled“Well, actually, those are cucumbers that we never harvested, because they got too big, soft and bitter for eating
    The neighbor looked at Sharon, shock written all over her faceShe gulped(哽住)a few times, and then, smiling, held out the bread, part of a batch she had shared all over the neighborhood“I brought you a nice loaf of cucumber breadI hope you like it
1Why does the author warn people in the neighborhood to lock their cars?
   AThey might be stolen by thieves at night
   BThey might be moved away by the police
   CTheir neighbors might fill them with their harvest
   DTheir neighbors might throw cucumbers into them
2How did Sharon’s friends react to the invitation to take her tomatoes?
   AThey did not accept her kind offer
   BThey were all delighted to have the tomatoes
   CThey said they would go when they were free
   DThey began to tell everyone they knew about it
3What did the neighbor do in Sharon’s garden?
   AShe only harvested some tomatoes
   BShe took some cucumbers mistakenly
   CShe took something with Sharon’s help
   DShe harvested a few zucchini by accident
4We can infer that the neighbor’s bread would taste
   Asoft and sweet
   Bhard and sour
   Cfunny and bitter
   Dfragrant and delicious
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:659评分:
报错
4.
 
D
    NOT all memories are sweetSome people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiencesViolence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scarsOften they relive these experiences in nightmares
    Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memoriesThe pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experienceThey hope it might reduce ,or possibly erase( ),the effect of painful memories
    In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and FranceThe drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brainSo far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased
    The research has caused a great deal of argumentSome think it is a bad idea, While others support it
    Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers' troubling memories after warThey say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories
    "Some memories can ruin people's lives They come back to you when you don't want to have them in a daydream or nightmareThey usually come with very painful emotions," said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School"This could relieve a lot of that suffering"
    But those who are against the research say that changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity (特质)They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past
    "All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we areI'm not sure we want to wipe those memories out, "said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist
1The passage is mainly about        
   Aa new medical invention
   Ba new research on the pill
   Ca way of erasing painful memories
   Dan argument about the research on the pill
2The drug tested on people can             
   Acause the brain to fix memories
   Bstop people remembering bad experiences
   Cprevent body producing certain chemicals
   DWipe out the emotional effects of memories
3We can infer from the passage that 
   Apeople doubt the effects of the pills
   Bthe pill will stop people's bad experiences
   Ctaking the pill will do harm to people's health
   Dthe pill has probably been produced in America
4Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with?
   ASome memories can ruin people's lives
   BPeople want to get rid of bad memories
   CExperiencing bad events makes us different from others
   DThe pill will reduce people's sufferings from bad memories
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:900评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.    Winter running is the best way to lose winter weightBut before heading out, make sure you have a solid planYou don't want to come across accidents along the way  1  Wear the Right Shoes
    The right shoes will depend on the roadYou want shoes that are made for the kind of surface you run onFor example, if you are running on slippery surfaces, you want shoes with great friction(摩擦力).When trying out a pair of running shoes, check the fit, feel and ride of the shoesThese elements are important once you take your new shoes out for a run
    Warm Up
    Warm up is an important part to keep fitEspecially if temperatures drop and your muscles are stiff from the cold!   3  It also prepares the muscles for the intense activity aheadThe cold climate won't feel as cold when you do warm upsThis is because blood flows much faster after a good warm up!
  Deal with Wind
     4  The key is to run into the wind and finish by running against itThis keeps icy wind  from blasting your faceTo prevent any injuries or accidents, break your run into smaller parts
     5  You can use certain creams on the nose and cheeks to prevent frostbiteDon't skip your sun-block if you're running during the dayUVB(紫外线)passes through the cloudsRunning for an extended period on a cloudy day will still damage the skin!
ADon't run in the wind
BRunning makes you warm
CWarming up prevents injuries
DIt's hard to run if it's too windy
EYour shoes should fit very well so you don't slip
FHere we are giving you important tips to remember
GIt also helps to keep the skin protected from the wind
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:891评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.    I had just started my second year studying at Cambridge University when I was faced with the news I had never expectedA lump in my neck  1  out to be cancerI would   2  six months of chemotherapy(化疗).
    After the shock, I was struck by this thought: my  3  didn’t have any room for cancerI had so much I wanted to  4  and so many goals I wanted to chase
    I was faced with the  5  job of telling my friends and familyThen, I had to decide whether to  6  in Cambridge and take five exams at the end of the yearMy doctor  7  against it, and so did my parents and teachers
    My doctors and teachers convinced me that taking some time off to  8  and relax would be the best thing for meI could not think of anything  9  I did not want to   10  a year of my life, receiving pity from those around me
    Together with my parents, I tried to persuade the university to  11  me to stay at Cambridge and study only half the courseAt the end of the year I would take two examsIt was really a  12  to persuade them to agree
    Treatment began and I was up and down from Cambridge to London every other weekIt made me feel  13  , but to a much lesser degree than I had expectedI was       14  to read, eat and socialize exactly as I used toI slept a lot and rested a lot, but I also worked hard at my studiesIt gave me focus, and it also gave me purposeCompleting my  15  at the end of term felt like a great personal victory
    I took a  16  to continue studying while undergoing treatment, and it  17  I was successful in my exams—and more  18  , I made a full recovery
    Every person facing a disease like cancer must make the  19  that are right for them
  I am  20  that I made the decision that was right for me
1Astuck         Bcame           Cturned       Dworked
2Arequire       Bexpect         Csense        Darrange
3Abody          Bmemories       Cfamily       Ddreams
4Aface          Bachieve        Cshow         Dunderstand
5Anecessary     Btemporary      Cdifficult    Ddisappointing
6Ajoin          Btreat          Csettle       Dcontinue
7Afought        Badvised        Cacted        Ddecided
8Arecover       Bexercise       Cstudy        Dplay
9Abetter        Bworse          Cmore         Dless
10Asave         Bspend          Ctake         Dmiss
11Ahelp         Bremind         Callow        Dinvite
12Astruggle     Bfailure        Cburden       Dtrouble
13Atired        Brelaxed        Cconfident    Dnervous
14Aafraid       Bready          Cable         Deager
15Apurpose      Bprojects       Ctreatment    Dexams
16Arest         Brisk           Cprivilege    Djob
17Aended up     Bpassed on      Cpaid off     Dbroke out
18Aclearly      Binterestingly  Cspecifically Dimportantly
19Achoices      Bchanges        Cefforts      Dchances
20Asurprised    Bexcited        Cdetermined   DProud
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1219评分:

四、完成句子

报错
7.单句填空,在空白处填入适当的词或短语或括号内单词的适当形式。
1It is important for everybody to be able to draw a      (distinct) between right and wrong
2The president indicated that all      (apply) for the post should have a masters degree
3      the cold, dry weather, we still had great fun in travelling
4Many people in the village still keep    the ancient custom of well-dressing on holidays
5He felt     (cast) by his failure in the examination
6 (object) the plan, the vice chairman put forward his own suggestions
7Having lived abroad for many years, I came back home with my family, feeling this is        we belong
8 Julie became a poet may have been due to her uncles influence
9Sorry, I am so late, but you cant imagine  great trouble I had finding your house
10The idea          he proposed at the meeting is altogether nonsense
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:563评分:

五、阅读填空

报错
8.阅读下面篇章,在空白处填入适当的词或括号内单词的适当形式(不超过 3 个单词)。
    When I agreed to stage-manage my school’s production of Guys and Dolls, I had no idea of  1  a stage manager actually didStill, I  2  decide that it would be an  3  interest experience , and a way to get involved with theaterBesides, if there was already a director and some technicians to build the sets and run lights, how much could there be  4  leave for a stage manager to do? I figured that I would spend a lot of time         5  rehearsals(彩排)and  scripts(剧本).
    I was discouraged by the first rehearsalI discovered that it was my  6  responsible to make sure that all of the cast actors were present, had scripts, and gave  7  I their schedules before leaving the roomIt was not an easy thingI found that it was impossible  8  get all twenty-five cast members together for a group scene, since actors kept  9  callme with emergency appointments, and last-minute family gatherings
    Finally, it was the opening nightI sat to the side of the stage,  10  my script open on a music stand in front of meThe lights came up, the show began, and I knew that it had all been worthwhile
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:660评分:

六、短文改错

报错
9.第一节 短文改错
此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。短文中有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉 及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出修改后的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。
修改:在错词后划一横线并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词。
2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
    Hello, boys and girls! Today, I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go offIf you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outsideStay close to your teacher and classmateDont panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet and calmlySoon the firefighters will come and put out a fireIf its a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroomIf you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, tell your teacher immediately
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:634评分:

七、书面表达

报错
10.

假定你是李华,你校外教 Smith 任教期满即将回国,你们班同学将于明晚 7 点至 9 点 在校礼堂为其举办一场特别的聚会。请你代表全班同学给 Smith 老师发一封电子邮件, 邀请他参加。
注意:1.洗漱 80 左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,但不计入总词数);
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Smith,
We are all sorry to hear that you will leave our school.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
We are looking forward to seeing you.
Yours,
Li Hua

难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:613评分:
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