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湖南省衡阳市第八中学2016-2017学年高二上学期理科实验班第二次月考英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高二试卷类型:月考试卷适用省份:湖南试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:11659解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.
 
A
    If you're travelling with kids in London, many London hotels have special services and features to help the family holiday, offering services for kids as well as games, bike hire and free ice cream!
    Athenaeum
    The five-star Athenaeum is a fantastic family hotel, particularly with the addition of its kids' servicesEven before you arrive, they'll be in touch to make sure your kids have their favorite DVDs, treats and anything else to keep them happyAnd they can arrange your perfect family activities, from bike hire to theatre tickets.
Chessington Safari Hotel
    At Chessington Safari Hotel, kids will love staying in an African adventure-themed room, having breakfast overlooking the animals of the Wanyama Reserve, watching family-friendly movies and getting into the theme park before it opens.
    Marjin Apartments
    Marlin Apartments operate more than 700 serviced apartments in London     Apartments are all within five minutes walk of the Tube (good for tired little legs!) with flat screen TVs, fully equipped kitchen and free Wi-FiOne or two bedroom family apartments have extra room for fold out beds in the living area too.
    Novotel
    Novotel's family rooms are designed to accommodate two adults and two childrenAccommodation and breakfast are free for under-16s (up to two staying in their parents' room)You can also enjoy a late check-out at 5p.mon a Sunday, and while you lie in, the kids can entertain themselves with the Cartoon Network.
The Ritz
    Kids at The Ritz are treated just as well as their parents, if not better! Children can enjoy computer games and DVDs, free ice cream and their own bathrobes and slippers Under-16s can stay for free in their parents' bedroom, depending on the room type.
1Before you check in Athenaeum,              .
   Ayou should ask about the kids' services
   Byou can buy bikes and order theatre tickets
   Cyou will be asked about what your kids like
   Dyou must arrange your family activities
2If your kids love to see animals, you will choose.
   AAthenaeum
   BChessington Safari Hotel
   CNovotel
   DThe Ritz
3If you choose to stay at Marlin Apartments.
   Ayou can enjoy the best service in London
   Byou can enjoy free ice cream
   Cyou can have an extra room for free
   Dyou can surf the Internet free of charge
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:805评分:
报错
2.

 

B

    At times my mom has been uncomfortable seeing these qualities in meFor examplewhen I was 12I went to Puerto Rico all by myself to stay with my grandmother for the summerMy mom was extremely nervous about itShe kept telling me how things were different in Puerto Ricoto always put on sunscreennot to wander away from my grandmotherand other warningsShe helped me pack and did not leave the airport until she saw my plane take off.
    But despite her worriesshe let me go on my ownAs I moved into my teensshe continued to give me space to grow and learneven when it might have been difficult for herWhen I reached my senior yearI decided to move away for collegeOnce again I found that I differed from my peersWhile many of them wanted to stay close to homeI couldn’t wait to be out in the world on my ownWhile my mom may not have been happy at the thought of my going awayshe was supportive and excited for me.
    One big thing I realized during my senior yearas my mom granted me more freedomwas that she actually believes in me and trusts meThat means a lotMost of my lifeand especially when I was littlethe main person I tried to impress in my schoolwork or other things was my motherI knew she expected nothing but the best from meSometimes it was hard to live up to her standards;getting a single B on my report card would make me feel bad because I knew she wanted me to have all A’s.
    I know that her high standards have helped me stay focused on what’s importantlike educationand made me who I amI am thankful for her support and involvement in my life .Most of all I respect herShe is the strongest woman I know and that’s why I have turned out so strong and independent.
1When the author decided to go to Puerto Ricohis mother________.
   Awanted to go with him
   Bworried about his safety
   Cdidn’t allow him to do so
   Dasked his grandmother for advice
2The author decided to move away for college to________.
   Abe different from his peers
   Bkeep away from his mother
   Cbe independent in the outside world
   Dmake his mother unhappy
3We can learn from the third paragraph that the author’s mother________.
   Ahad a high expectation of him
   Bwas too strict with him
   Cused to expect nothing from him
   Dcared little about his learning
4In the passagethe author mainly wants to tell us________.
   Ahis long way to becoming independent
   Bhis good relationship with his mother
   Cthe importance of a mother’s trust and support
   Dhis mother’s deep love for him

难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:655评分:
报错
3.
 
C
    Phrases like “tiger mom” and ‘‘helicopter parent” have made their way into everyday languageMany of us find ourselves drawn to the idea that with just a bit more parental hard work and effort, we might turn out children with bright futuresBut is there anything wrong with a kind of “overparenting style”?
    Parental involvement has a long history of being studiedMany of the studies, conducted by Diana Baumrind, a famous psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, have found that a good parent is the one who is involved and reacts to her child in a positive way, who sets high expectations but gives her child independenceThese “authoritative parents” appear to hit the sweet spot of parental involvement and generally raise children who do better academically, psychologically and socially than children whose parents are not strict and less involved, or controlling and more involvedWhy is this parenting style so successful?
    Authoritative parents actually help improve motivation in their childrenCarol Dweck, a social psychologist at Stanford University, has done research that indicates why authoritative parents raise more motivated childrenIn a typical experiment, DrDweck takes young children into a room and asks them to solve a simple puzzleMost do so with little difficultyBut then DrDweck tells some, but not all, of the kids how clever they areAs it turns out, the children who are not told they’re smart are more motivated to solve increasingly difficult puzzlesThey also show higher levels of confidence and show greater progress in puzzle-solving.
    As the experiment suggests, praising children’s talents and abilities seems to shake their confidenceDealing with more difficult puzzles carries the risk of losing one’s status as “smart”DrDweck’s work strongly supports that of DrBaumrind, who also found that reasonably supporting a child’s independence and limiting interference (干涉) causes better academic and emotional results.
    The central task of growing up is to develop a sense of self that is independent and confidentIf you treat your young child who is just learning to walk as if she can’t walk, you reduce her confidenceAllowing children to make mistakes is one of the greatest challenges of parentingIt is easier when they are youngThe potential mistakes carry greater risks, and part of being a parent is reducing risk for our children.
1According to the passage, a “tiger mom” ______.
   Ahelps her children realize their dreams
   Bspeaks her children’s everyday language
   Cplaces reasonable expectations on her children
   Dpays close attention to her children’s experiences
2It is implied that controlling style of parenting may _____.
   Aface more challenges of children
   Bfoster independence in children
   Ccause more problems in children
   Dlead to children’s academic success
3The example of the children doing the puzzles suggests that ______.
   Aa good game plays a big role in training young minds
   Boverpraising makes children less motivated and confident
   Cpuzzle-solving can give children the motivation they need
   Dbright children usually show less confidence in difficult games
4The last paragraph tells us that ______.
   Achildren should not be given much freedom
   Bparents should not increase the risk of challenging
   Cparents should allow their children to learn from mistakes
   Dchildren should correct mistakes with the help of their parents
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1101评分:
报错
4.
 
D
    Nearing the age of 101 has not slowed down one Japanese womanIn factin the swimming pool—she is only getting faster
    Recentlya 100-year-old Japanese woman became the world’s first centenarian to complete a 1500-meter freestyle swimming competition in a 25-meter poo1
Her name is Mieko NagaokaMsNagaoka set a world record for her age group at a recent Japan Masters Swimming Association event in the western city of    MatsuyamaShe swam the race in 1hour15 minutes and 54 seconds
    By comparisonthe overall female world record holder completed the same distance in just under 15 and a half minutesBut that swimmerKatie Ledeckyis only 17 years oldAnd MsNagaoka was not competing against herIn factMsNagaoka was the only competitor in the 100-104 year old categoryHer race was not a race of speed but of enduranceor not giving up
    Breaking swimming records is nothing new to MsNagaokaSo far she has broken 25 recordsBut she began competing when she was much younger—at 88.
MsNagaoka sufferred a knee injury in her 80sso she began swimming to help her body recoverSince her first international swimming competitionshe hasn’t looked backexcept maybe to see if her competition is catching up
    In 2002at a masters swim meet in New ZealandMsNagaoka took the bronze medal in the 50-meter backstrokeIn 2004she won three silver medals at an Italian swim meet.
    Masters swimming is a special class of competitive swimming to promote health and friendship among participantsSwimmers compete within age groups of five years.
    Japan has a large number of people who live beyond 100 years oldUntil she passed away this monththe oldest person in the world was also from JapanMisao Okawa was born in 1 898She said her secrets for longevityor long lifewere good genesregular sleepsushi and exercise.
1The underlined word“centenarian”refers to someone who is____
   Afrom Japan
   B100 or older
   Can old competitor
   D.a new swimmer
2Which is possibly the age category of the masters swimming competition?
   A82 to 87 years old
   B93 to 97 years old.
   C95 to 99 years old
   D106 to 110 years old.
3It can be inferred from the passage that_____
   Asome people are born with longevity genes
   Bpeople who like swimming live longer
   Cthe Japanese are interested in swimming
   Dwoman usually live much longer than men
4Which can best explain the spirit of MsNagaoka?
   ANot to advance is to go back
   BAfter a storm comes a calm.
   CThe early bird catches the worm
   DKeep on goingnever give up.
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:933评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.  Bad breath can be a major problemThe good news is that it can often be prevented with some simple steps.
  Bad breath is caused by certain bacteria that grow in the mouthWhen you don't brush regularly, bacteria accumulate in your mouth and between your teethCertain foods, especially ones like garlic and onions that contain pungent (辛辣的)oils, can contribute to bad breath because the oils are carried to your lungs and out through your mouthSome people think that as long as you brush your teeth, you shouldn't have bad breathThat, however, just doesn't remove the smellTo sufficiently clean all the surfaces of your teeth, you should brush for at least 2 minutes at least twice a day.
  Many people believe that if you breathe into your hand, you'll know when you have bad breathBut it’s wrong!  4  When you talk, you tend to bring out the smell from the back of your mouth (where bad breath starts), which simply breathing doesn't doAlso, because we tend to get used to our own smells, it's hard for a person to tell if he or she has bad breath.
  If you’re concerned about bad breath, make sure you’re taking care of your teeth and mouth properlyIf you brush properly and visit your dentist for regular cleanings but your bad breath persists, you may have a medical problemThey can figure out if something else is behind your bad breath and help you take care of it.
AThese bacteria make your breath smell.
BIn that case, call your doctor or dentist.
CSmoking is also a major cause of bad breath.
DRemember to brush your tongue, too — bacteria love to hang out there.
EThe truth is that most people only brush their teeth for 30 to 45 seconds.
FWhen you breathe, the smell bounced back by your hand can be easily sensed.
GWhen you breathe, you don’t use your throat the same way you do when you talk.
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1085评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD),选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  I was in a hotel ballroom in Washington, back in 2004, to cover the National Spelling Bee(全国拼字比赛).
  One of the 265 kids was Akshay Buddiga, a 13-year-old from Colorado SpringsHis brother had  1  the bee two years before, and Akshay wanted to  2  his brother’s success.
  You could learn at Harvard University all day and  3  hear the words used in the National Spelling BeeThese words live in the  4  corners of dictionariesEach speller steps up to the microphone, and the official pronouncer  5  a wordIf the speller gets it right, there’s a moment of  6  , then three magic words: that is  7  .
Akshay’s moment came in round sixHis word was “alopecoid”, meaning “like a fox”He  8  the word, but there was a problemIn his head, he saw two  9  spellings and he couldn’t decide which was right.
  He had two minutes to  10  the wordHe asked to hear the word again, trying to  11  between the two versions in his headHe jammed his hands in his pocketsWithout knowing it, he stood so straight that he  12  his kneesHe started to feel  13  He crashed to the stage so  14  that his feet flew into the air.
The audience made this sound: ohhhhhhhhOHHHHHHHHohhhhhhhh.
An official said, “  15  the clock.” The room went  16  except for the click-click-click of the photographer’s cameras.
  Akshay raised his head, looking around the room for a few secondsThen he got up.
  “Take a  17  ,” one official said.
  Akshay didn’tHe went straight to the microphone and said, “A-L-O-P-E-C-O-I-D.” The official didn’t leave room for the silenceShe spoke  18  , “That’s correct.”
  Akshay ended up finishing secondHe later said a lot was going through his mind when he was  19  there“Mostly, all the work that I’d done,” he addedAs he walked to the microphone, he decided he didn’t care if he made a mistakeHe was going to  20  himself.
  He was correct.
1Awon           Bentered      Ccovered       Djudged
2Aenjoy         Bmeasure      Cmatch         Dcelebrate
3Astill         Bnever        Calso          Deven
4Alower         Btight        Cdark          Dopposite
5Achooses       Bwrites       Cexplains      Dannounces
6Asilence       Brelaxation   Ccheering      Ddiscussion
7Aenough        Bamazing      Ccorrect       Duseful
8Arepeated      Bknew         Cforgot        Dconsidered
9Aspecial       Bdifficult    Cright         Ddifferent
10Aspell        Btry          Ccheck         Dfind
11Aguess        Bpick         Cfix           Dbuild
12Acrossed      Btouched      Clocked        Dignored
13Alight-headed Bwarm-hearted Cstrong-minded Dtongue-tied
14Asuddenly     Bloudly       Cstraight      Dhard
15ARepair       BStop         CChange        DWatch
16Ahot          Bbright       Cquiet         Dcrowed
17Abreak        Blook         Cstep          Dchance
18Aat last      Bright away   Con time       Djust now
19Aspeaking     Bcompeting    Clying         Dwaiting
20Aencourage    Bcontrol      Cimprove       DTrust
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:788评分:

四、阅读填空

报错
7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  Taking a taxi in some Eastern European countries can be  1  shocking experienceIt is said that some taxi drivers have metal wires  2  (stick) into the passenger’s seatsAnd when a button  3  (push), the seat will give you an electric shockThese taxi drivers don’t do this  4  funThey do it to tourists  5  argue about the ridiculous fares they chargeSome drivers charge as much  6  ten times the legal fareThey have a secret switch which makes the meters much  7  (fast)If you refuse to pay, you are really in for a shockIn one case, a German woman had no choice but to pay US$120 for a US$20 ride from the airportShe said that she was “really taken for a ride,”  8  what could she do? Besides the  9  (electricity) shock, she was verbally abused and threatened with physical violenceShe has only one piece of advice for tourists, “Take the bus  10  stay at home.”
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:721评分:

五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  It was a year ago that Joshua got a bike for Christmas, but he rode it every dayOne morning, he suddenly found the bike goneRan to his front yard, he saw a man loading it into his carHe shouted, but the man drive offAs a devoted Christian, he told his dad he real forgave the thiefWhat's more, he wanted the thief know he was forgivenSo the next day, he posted the message on a poster-board and put it in the front yard"To the person which stole my bike: You hurt my feelingsBut I am a Christian and I forgive him!" When he left for home the next morning, at the end of the driveway, the bike was back with new brake
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:697评分:

六、书面表达

报错
9.

某家英语报社向中学生征稿,主题是叙述一项高中阶段一直想做却没有做到,因而想在进入大学后尽情去做的休闲活动(例如旅游、运动、看电影、听音乐、读自己喜欢的书等)。请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。
1.首先说明高中阶段未能做到该项活动的原因;
2.叙述进大学后如何做这件事。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Since I became a senior high school student,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

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