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贵州省贵阳市花溪清华中学2015-2016学年高一6月月考英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高一试卷类型:月考试卷适用省份:贵州试卷年份:2016年题数:9浏览数:15344解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.
A
  A British boy, Ayan Qureshi, is now a Microsoft Certified Professional after passing the tech giant’s exam at the age of five, becoming the youngest computer specialist in the world
  The test is usually taken by people who want to become IT techniciansWhen the boy arrived to take the exam, the invigilators were concerned that he was too young to be a candidate
   Ayan’s father is an IT consultant who was set up his own computer network at homeHe introduced his son to computers when little Ayan was only three years oldHe let his son play with his old computers, so he could understand hard drives and motherboards
  “I found whatever I told him, the next day he would remember everything I said, so I started to feed him more information,” MrQureshi explained
  Ayan now has his own computer lab at home, containing a computer network which he built by himselfHe spends around two hours a day leaning about the operating system and how to install programs
  Ayan says he hops to launch a UK–based IT center similar to America’s Silicon Valley one day, which he intends to call E-ValleyHe also wants to start his own IT company
  Ayan’s mother is very happy and very proud of her son“I don’t want to see him set a world record every dayBut I want him to do his best whatever he does in his life,” she said
1What does the underlined word probably refer to in the second paragraph?
  AHis parents
  BThe watchers
  CIT experts
  DThe CEOs
2How did Ayan become such an excellent talent IT boy?
  AThrough his own talent for information technology
  BThrough his hard work on computers and good luch
  CThrough his good memory and father’s good instruction
  DThrough his great interest in knowledge and effort in study
3What is Ayan’s dream?
  ATo work in Silicon Valley
  BTo set up his own IT company
  CTo become a partner of his father
  DTo become the youngest computer specialist
4What is the passage mainly about?
  AThe exam of a tech giant
  BA five-year-old British boy
  CAvan’s computer learning
  DA little computer talent- Ayan
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1303评分:
报错
2.
B
  Many people like to readThe Guinness Book of World RecordsThis year it will celebrate its 60th anniversary
  The Guinness Book of World Records is a reference book, it is one of the most widely read books ever publishedMore than 100 million copies have been sold in almost 40 languagesA new edition is published every year
  The Guinness Book of World Records was first published in August 1955 in BritainThe idea came from Sir Hugh Beaver, then the managing director of the Guinness BreweriesHe could not find the answer to what seemed like a simple from any books: what is the Europe’s fastest game bird? At that time, Beaver decided to create a book with facts numbersIn 1955, the first record book was born!
   There are many kinds of records, like the most beautiful tattoo, the longest hair, the fastest talker, the biggest hand, etcsome records appear in almost every edition of the book, like the tallest and shortest people, the oldest man and woman in the worldHowever, as much as 80 percent of the content is new each year
    Since its first publication, the book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling book of all timeThe new edition will be published in 20 languages and sold in 100 countries
   Editor-in-chief Craig Glenday said, “We appreciate all of out loyal readers and invite every who longs for knowledge, fun and adventure to join us as we look forward to documenting everything that’s amazing during the next 60 years
  Have you ever thought about getting your name in The Guinness Book of World Records? Have you ever succeeded? May you succeed some day!
1Which of the following is true about The Guinness Book of World Records?
  AIt covers famous people and big events
  BHalf of its content changes every year
  CIt sell the most copies all the time
  DIt is updated and published yearly
2Why did Beaver come up with the idea of creating such a book?
  AHe aimed to help teachers with their teaching work
  BHe intended to provide readers with some references
  CHe wanted to help people acquire some knowledge and fun
  DHe only wanted to find out some answers to simple questions
3What’s the function of the last paragraph?
  AGive the author’s best wishes to readers
  BCall on readers to set a world record
  CMake readers interested n the book
  DGet more readers of buy the book
4Where is this passage probably taken from?
  AA medical magazine
  BA popular science book
  CAn advertisement
  DAn amusement website
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1033评分:
报错
3.
C
  Plastic bags haven’t always been Public Enemy No1 Introduced in 1982, they soon occupied the grocery bag markerBy 1996, 80 percent of all bags were made from lightweight plasticsCustomers loved themThey became thinner, lighter and able to contain more materials conveniently
  That restricting the distribution of plastic bags will have significant environmental benefits and reduce cost is mostly untrueBanning plastic bags won’t bags are found to be a tiny part of all litter, so banning them has very little impact on the amount of litter generatedThere’s no evidence that banning plastic bags has reduced litter removal costs, and it won’t do much in the way of reducing trash collection costs, either
  In the sea, the impact may be even smallerPlastic bags have not caused a giant landfill(废弃物填埋场)Sure, plastics in the oceans have increased over the past four decadesYet the idea that this has resulted in a big landfill at is contradicted by the evidence, which shows that most plastics in the oceans are widely dispersed(分散)and in the form of tiny pieces
  Surveys suggest that most people reuse their lightweight plastic bags, mainly for trash disposal, and on average each one is used 16 times, By contrast, paper bags are typically used only onceThe thicker plastic bags now being promoted as “ reusable”, are typically used about 31 times
  It is unwise to introduce restrictions on the distribution of plastic bags, which is likely to result in an increase in the overall environmental impact of the bags we use to shop, not to mention that reusable bags are kind of disgusting, from the public health perspectivePutting food into bags that have previously been used to carry perishable(易腐烂的) items may cause a health risk
1The reason why plastic bags are popular with customers is that
  Athey are easy to carry
  Bthey are the only choice
  Cthey are cheap and affordable
  Dthey are available in groceries
2Why does the author say banning plastic bags makes no difference to the quantity of litter?
  ABecause plastic bags take up a small part of the whole litter
  BBecause banning plastic bags has increased litter removal costs
  CBecause the banning plastic bags won’t necessarily make litter disappear
  DBecause the banning of plastic bags hasn’t any environmental benefits
3The underlined part in Paragraph 3 implies that
  Amost of the plastics can be well recycled at sea
  Bwhether plastics gather at sea is controversial
  Cactually plastics don’t lead to large landfills at sea
  Dno evidence shows that plastics harm the sea
4What is the author’s attitude towards the use of plastic bags?
  ATolerant
  BDoubtful
  CCritical
  DSupportive
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1074评分:
报错
4.
D
  Winder Castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world, and has a history of over 900 yearsIt is one of the Queen’s three official residences (住宅), and is often said to be her favoriteThe Royal Standard flies over the Round Tower of Windsor Castle when the Queen is in residence, at other times the Union Jack flag files in its place
  Windsor Castle was first built by William the Conqueror after he invaded England in 1066The original structure was built from wood with earth fortifications (防御工事)The Castle held an obvious strategic position on a steep hill overlooking the River Thames, and was part of a ring of castles around London, with the Tower of London at its heartThe Castle was later rebuilt in stone and grew in importance over the yearsHenry II constructed the Round Tower and the original stone outer wallFollowing the English Civil War, the Castle became a royal placeThe Castle has remained largely unchanged since the early nineteenth century
    Windsor Castle is more than 12 acres in area, and it takes about two hours to visitThe Castle is open every day except Garter Day (one day in June every year), Easter, Christmas, and over or two other days during the yearOpening times and access may be restricted at certain times of the year due to state functions
  Admission prices (all include a multimedia tour and entry to the Drawings Gallery exhibition):

1The second paragraph is mainly about_____
  Athe history of Windsor Castle
  Bthe position of Windsor Castle
  Cthe function of Windsor Castle
  Dthe construction of Winder Castle
2If a couple take their thirteen-year-old son to Windsor Castle, they have to pay
  A.£ 38.4
  B.£ 49.7
  C.£ 55.9
  D.£ 57.6
3What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?
  ATo call on people to visit Winder Castle
  BTo declare the importance of Windsor Castle
  CTo clarify some misconceptions about Windsor Castle
  DTo confirm what has long been believed about Windsor Castle
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1043评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
   According to one definition, the word “supplement” means “something added to complete a thing, to extend or strengthen the whole
   Supplements can be very beneficial but you must be careful because, like any drug, all supplements pose potential risks __1__
  __2___ Many, if not all, supplements have the potential to interact with prescription or over-the-counter drugs, cause harmful side effects if taken inappropriately, or even make existing medical conditions worse__3__In a  study of University of Michigan one-third of the patients taking supplements were using ones that could interact with their heart medicationsBe especially cautious if you’re taking the blood-thinning medication like aspirin, many supplements, such as garlic, vitamin E and fish oil, also have blood-thinning properties, and the combined effect could lead to dangerous bleeding
   Also, the label may say “natural” but that doesn’t mean the supplements are any safer than medicinal drugsThey still include chemicals that have a bad impact on your body; that’s why they work
  ___4__ If you are pregnant, be doubly sure to check with your doctor before taking any supplements
  In the next few years you’re bound to hear more and more about natural alternatives for protecting the heartBut before you jump on any bandwagons, take heed: __5__ The fact is that scientists will probably never be able to duplicate the complex effects and many health benefits of foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains with a pillAnd of course, lowering your cholesterol with supplements while eating steak and ice cream with abandon, or taking hawthorn to lower your blood pressure while doing nothing to relieve the stress caused by your nerve-racking job, won’t do your heart much good in the end
ANo supplement is a substitute for the lifestyle changes, particularly good eating habits
BA supplement may be natural but that doesn’t mean taking it is completely without risk
CThe more supplements you take, the less healthy you will be
DSo don’t take any supplement longer than that is advised
EThat’s why it’s critical that you tell your health care providers about any supplements you take
FDoctors are always right, especially when you fall ill
GBefore you start taking any, check with your doctor first
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:969评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  Why do we need inspiration? The answer is purely psychologicalAccording to a magazine on  1  , by the time a child reaches the age of 18, the concept of “ No, you can’t !” has been strengthened 187 000 times, 2 the concept of “Yes, you, can!” has been strengthened  3  about 21-30 times
  With this in mind, it is no  4  that so many people grow up to be failures or less than successfulToday’s society 5  us this wayWe simply do not believe we can winPersonally, I was 6 While I grew up, my parents, teachers and classmates gave me tons of inspiration and  7  … to pursue my creative abilities in both music and artMy wife taught in public school for over three decades,  my skill sand knowledge to developAlthough we are by no 9   financially independent, by working at home and being  10  to our three children, I feel extremely successful in my quality of life
  I have always believed “true living” is  11   each day to work at what you love to do more than 12  else in the worldBut, most people become programmed –work hard and make a living whether you 13  doing the work or not –perhaps at the    14  of life
  In order to be truly  15  financially, emotionally and spiritually, you’ve got to be filled with  16   for what you are doingTalent is a gift, but it must first be  17  , then developed
  Once this passion grows into a highly trained skill, you will become an extremely knowledgeable and a highly  18  specialist
  To identify your talent(s) , you must first search for your major  19  When you find something you truly love doing, study and training seem  20 
1Apsychology        Bmedicine     Cphysics    Dastronomy
2Asince             Bwhile        Cwhen         Duntil
3Aalready           Bwell         Cstill        Donly
4Apoint             Bwonder       Cdoubt        Dsense 
5Ainspires          Bexcites      Cprograms     Dprevents
6Aambitious         Bhealthy      Ccurious     Dfortunate
7Aencouragement     Bbooks        Cdemands     Dcomment
8Akeeping           Bmaking       Callowing     Dlimiting
9Amethod            Bmeans        Cway          Dcondition
10Afamiliar         Bavailable    Caccessible  Daffordable
11Awaking           Bworking      Cstruggling   Denjoying
12Asomething        Banything     Cnothing      Deverything
13Akeep             Bavoid        Cdeny         Dlike
14Amercy            Brate         Cexpense      Dbottom
15Asuccessful       Bwealthy      Ccapable      Dindependent
16Astrength         Bhope         Cconcern      Dpassion
17Adeveloped        Badmitted     Cdiscovered   Dinvented
18Apaid             Bskilled      Cexperienced Dfound
19Askill            Bproblem      Cadvantage    Dinterest
20Aworthless        Bpriceless    Ceffortless   Dpowerless
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:1017评分:

四、阅读填空

报错
7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
World Hello Day
  Every November 21 is World Hello Day,  1  people say hello to each other to express friendliness and loveWorld Hello Day  2  (found)in 1973 by Brian and Michael McCormack, in  3  (respond) to the conflict between Egypt and IsraelThey sent a large number of letters on  4  importance of communication to world leaders and celebrities to advocate  5  (set) up World Hello DayThe first World Hello Day was celebrated on November 21, 1973
     __6  (original), people around the world took World Hello Day as a   7  (value) opportunity to encourage world leaders to use communication rather than force  8  (settle) conflictsLater, ordinary people started to greet each other on that day to express their love for other people and world peace
Now, World Hello Day is observed  9  people in 180 countriesWhy not  10  (greet) your parents and friends a warm hello and a bright smile on this holiday:?
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1016评分:

五、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
  At the beginning of my summer vacation, we attended a short-term English course, practicing listening and spoke thereThen I act as a tour guider for some of my foreign friends which came to Beijing for their holidayWe had a good view of rapidly changing cityI showed them around some places of interests, such as the Forbidden City, the Great Wall and the Summer PalaceWe also tasted some more traditional snacks and enjoyed Beijing operaBoth of us had a very good timeI not only introduced our culture and custom for foreigners but also improved my EnglishWhat a colorfully and meaningful summer holiday!
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:946评分:

六、

报错
9.假如你是中国交换生李华,现就读于美国的一所高中,你在学校网站上看到一则招聘启事,Jack 教授下月要到上海做项目,需要一名随身翻译,请根据以下要点,给他发一封电子邮件,提出申请。要点包括:
1.个人简介;
2.个人优势。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称;
3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
4.开头已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Professor Jack,
_____________________________________________________________________
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1336评分:
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