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广东省河源市龙川县第一中学2015-2016学年高一5月月考英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高一试卷类型:月考试卷适用省份:广东试卷年份:2016年题数:11浏览数:15029解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.请阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。
A
  When you are traveling, it’s vital to know about the customs and etiquette(礼仪,礼节)of the global villageWhat we consider polite behavior at home isn’t always accepted outside our borders
  Etiquette of Gift Giving
  Gift giving should be a happy, positive experienceWhen selecting a present for someone in Netherlands, don’t purchase fancy kitchen knives or scissorsGiving sharp, pointy objects as gifts is considered unluckyBe careful when presenting flowers to a friend or a business partner in RussiaYellow blooms suggest cheat or a relationship break upTraditionally, red carnations are placed on the tombs of the deadWriting cards or notes while visiting South Korea, be mindful of your pen’s ink colorWriting a person’s name in red ink traditionally suggests that the person has passed away—an important point to remember when giving a birthday card
  Eating Customs
  Being early or on time is viewed as being rude, too eager or even greedy in VenezuelaIf you are invited to someone’s home for a meal, it’s recommended that you arrive 10 minutes later than the requested timeWhen having a meal in Egypt, don’t use the salt shaker(盐瓶).It’s insulting to your host to spread salt on your food, which means that you find the meal terribleJapan is a very polite nation, and their fondness for etiquette extends to the use of chopsticksAccording to Japanese custom, if you’re in the middle of eating, use the opposite end of your chopsticks to secure food from a shared plateWhen doing business in Turkey, it’s the custom for your host to pay for your mealRequests to split the bill won’t be acceptedIf you would like to pay your fair share, Turks recommend inviting your host to a follow-up meal
1Which of the following is true according to the passage? 
  AYou can use blue ink to write notes to your friend from South Korea
  BGiving a fancy kitchen knife to a friend from Russia is a good choice     
  CDining with Japanese, one can use either end of the chopsticks to get food from shared plates
   DInvited to a meal, one should arrive earlier to show respect for the host
2What does the underlined word “insulting” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
  ARespectful
  BChallenging
  CIndifferent
  DOffensive 
3where is this passage probably from?
  AA news report
  BA culture column
  CA travel essay
  DA food magazine
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:912评分:
报错
2.
B
  I live in HollywoodYou may think people in such an attractive, fun—filled place are happier than othersIf so, you have some mistaken ideas about the nature of happiness
    Many intelligent people still equate happiness with funThe truth is that fun and happiness have little or nothing in commonFun is what we experience during an actHappiness is what we experience after an actIt is a deeper, more long—lasting emotionGoing to an amusement park or ball game, watching a movie or television, are fun activities that help us relax, temporarily forget our problems and maybe even laughBut they do not bring happiness, because their positive effects end when the fun ends
    I have often thought that if Hollywood stars have a role to play, it is to teach us that happiness has nothing to do with funThese rich, beautiful individuals have constant access to exciting parties, fancy cars, expensive homes, everything that spells “happiness”But in memoir(回忆录)after memoir, celebrities reveal the unhappiness hidden beneath all their fun: depression, alcoholism, drag addiction, broken marriages, troubled children, and long—time lonelinessThe way people hold on to the belief that a fun—filled, pain—free life equates happiness actually decreases their chances of ever attaining real happinessIf fun and pleasure are equated with happiness, then pain must be equated with unhappinessBut, in fact, the opposite is: More times than not, things that lead to happiness involve some pain
    As a result, many people avoid the very efforts that are the source of true happinessThey fear the pain inevitably brought by such things as marriage, raising children, professional achievement, religious commitment, charitable work and self—improvement
1According to the passage, “fun activities” ________
  Aare the things we do before we find happiness
  Bcould provide long—last positive effects
  Cwill lead us to the true happiness
  Dmay help us relax and forget our problems sometimes
2In the author’s opinion, those Hollywood stars ________
  Apossess happiness because they are rich and famous
  Bexperience almost all kinds of happy things
  Ctell us happiness isn’t equal to fun using their own stories
  Dhave to suffer a lot before they become successful
3It is difficult for people to find real happiness because ________
  Athey believe happiness is the fun life without pain
  Bthey find pain equals unhappiness
  Cthey fear to lose what they already have in life
  Dthey are afraid all their efforts were in vain
4The main purpose of the text is to ________
  Adescribe the difference between happiness and fun
  Bshow the true meaning of happiness
  Cencourage people to pursue fun activities
  Dadvise people to find their real life
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:986评分:
报错
3.
  C
    Top chefs aren’t known for their friendly characterAssistants who overcook food by ten seconds usually struggle to get out of the kitchen aliveMy father was a top chefWe’d had a stormy relationship for years, but I decided to follow in his footsteps anyway, and train as a chefIt was better than the dead-end I ‘d reach with the job I’d been doing
    After three years, I became head chef in a restaurant called The TortoiseAs the boss, I made important decision but if anything went wrong, I was the one who should take the responsibilityExperiencing the sweaty kitchens, I learned why my father was the way he wasWhen I began, I didn’t have my sights set on anything much---I just wanted a regular job—but soon I realized my career was taking offThe rich and famous started to visit the restaurant and eventually came the time when I had to decide about my future: I could either open my own restaurant or go and work for one of the big onesThen life made the decision for meMy father retried and I got his job
    On my first day, I received an unfriendly welcomeNo one would talk to meWhat made it worse was that I was ill—I had a cold , and my hands were shaking as I went into the kitchenI held my breath, stood up in front of everyone and said, My name is Leah KleistYou all know my fatherwhether you loved him or hated him, I don’t careHe is the pastNow let’s get to workAnd we did
1What will happen to assistants who overcook food?
  AThey got punished
  BThey eat the food
  CThey get some advice
  DThey get fired
2Why did the author decide to work as a chef?
  AIt was his favorite
  BIt was a better job
  CHe was forced to
  DHe lost his job
3What does the underline part tell us about the author?
  AHe knew little about the job
  BHe misunderstood his father
  CHe didn’t have a clear goal
  DHe had a very poor eyesight
4What caused the staff’s unfriendly attitude towards the author?
  AHis lack of experience
  BHis poor health condition
  CTheir impression of his father
  DTheir envy at his success
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1007评分:
报错
4.
D
    Hey, ladies! It’s summer again and it’s time for a new you! No more make-up, no more pretending! Yes, that’s right! It’s time to stop making ourselves beautiful for the camera, and start posting confident pictures without all the make-up and extra tricks we add onto ourselves in the hope of appearing more attractive and beautifulBecause believe it or not, we already are!
  After we wash our face and go to bed, it is not so perfectYou know in the face we should confidently be showing to the world! Who cares if you have pimples(面痕)or your eyes look small, or if you have crow’s feet? Guess what? Those are actually what make you such a beautifully grown womanAnd any person who doesn’t think so is just not as strong as you
    Nowadays we intend to do anything to make us look as young and perfect as possibleYet the truth is, by doing this, we are actually making our skin get worse and badly affected by all the junk we put onWe are making ourselves believe that by changing our appearance we will be more accepted and seem more attractive to other peopleAnd yet, our final goal is to find that without all of the make-upWhat kind of twisted(扭曲的)game are we really playing with ourselves?
  So I would like to make a suggestion for all women out there to give yourself a break at least this summerTake a couple of pictures without all of that make-up onYou don’t need it every single day, especially not this hot summer! You’ll be surprised that the more confident you are about showing the real side of you, the more attractive you will be to everyone else
  Yes, the saying, “Beauty comes from within” is an old one, definitely still holds some truth todaySo be brave, carefree, and make-up free! Let the world see you for who you really are!
1The author thinks that ladies should show others _______
  Atheir crow’s feet
  Btheir beautiful pictures
  Ctheir real face with confidence
  Dtheir attractive appearance
2What does the author think of adding make-up to our face?
  AIt makes perfect images
  BIt’s really meaningless
  CIt makes true images go outdated
  DIt’s hard to achieve what we wish
3What is the author’s purpose of quoting the old saying?
  ATo declare it’s what one really is that matters
  BTo show the importance of adding make-up
  CTo give us some examples of adding make-up
  DTo tell us not to neglect those old sayings
4What is the topic of this text?
  ASpending more time being with families and friends
  BNot putting on any make-up on our face this summer
  CPaying enough attention to ourselves in this summer
  DShowing the beautiful side of ourselves to others
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:1028评分:

二、信息匹配

报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
  Some people just know how to start a conversation with anyone, in any placeIf you're not one of these lucky types, don't worry1__________
  Remark on the surroundings or occasionIf you’re at a party, for example, you could comment on the food or the music in a positive way like this: “I love this song" or “The food’s great
  2 ________ For example“How is the wine?” or “Who do you know here?- Most people enjoy talking about themselves so asking a question is a good way to get a conversation started
  3_________ For example, “I really like your purseCan I ask where you got it?- or “You’re really doing well in thisCan you show me how to do it?”
  Remark on anything you have in commonPeople would like your saying “My daughter went to that school, tooHow does your son like it?"
  4__________Don't say something that obviously causes offence and avoid heavy subjects such as politics or religionStick to light subjects like the weather, surroundingsand anything you have in common such as movies or sports teams
  Listen effectively5_______ You can't concentrate on what someone's saying if you're thinking about what you’re going to say nextThe key to effective communication is to focus fully on the speaker and show interest in what's being saidNod occasionally, smile at the person, and encourage the speaker to continue with or “uh huh
AChoose subjects you’re interested in
BUse a praise to create a good atmosphere
CKeep the conversation going with small talks
DIt is not the same as waiting for your turn to talk
EAsk specific questions that are related to the drinks
FAsk a question that requires more than just a yes or no answer
GHere are some ways to have a conversation with someone new
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:917评分:

三、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, CD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A Leap(跳跃)to Honor
    Leaping on a narrow balance beam(平衡木)is not easyBut Lola Walter, a 13-year-old gymnast, is an expert at it
    To perfect her skills, Lola   1   for four hours a day, five days a weekAt the state championships in March, she finished seventh out of 16 girls
    That’s especially impressive,    2   she is legally blind, born with a rare condition that causes her eyes to shift constantlyShe often sees double and can’t   3   how far away things are
    When she was little, her mom   4   that even though she couldn’t see   5  , she was fearlessSo her mom signed her up for gymnastics when she was threeShe loved the   6__   right away and gymnastics became her favorite
    Though learning gymnastics has been more   7   for her than for some of her tournaments, she has never quitShe doesn’t let her   8   stop her from doing anything that she wants to
    She likes the determination it takes to do the sportHer biggest   9   is the balance beamBecause she has double vision, she often sees two beamsShe must use her sense of touch to help her during her routineSometimes she even closes her eyes“You have to   10   your mind that it’ll take you where you want to go“ says Lola
    To be a top-level gymnast, one must be braveThe beam is probably the most   11   for anyone because it’s four inches wideAt the state competition, Lola didn’t fall   12   the beamIn fact, she got an 81 out of 10 — her highest score yet
    Lola doesn’t want to be   13   differently from the other girls on her teamAt the competitions, the judges don’t know about her vision   14  She doesn’t tell them, because she doesn’t think they need to knowHer mom is amazed by her   15   attitude
    Lola never thinks about   16  She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnasticsHer   17   is to reach level 9She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she’s learned to other kids   18   she grew up
    Lola is   19   of all her hard work and successShe says it’s helped her overcome problems in her life outside gymnastics, tooHer   20   for others is “just believe yourself”
1Atrains       Bteaches          Crun      Ddances
2Aunless       Bsince            Cafter     Dthough
3Aguess        Btell             Cassume    Dpredict
4Asuspected    Bremembered       Cnoticed   Dimagined
5Adeeply       Bclosely          Cahead     Dwell
6Atask         Bshow             Cevent     Dsport
7Adifficult    Benjoyable       Cboring    Dunsatisfactory
8Atalent       Bquality          Cnature    Dcondition
9Adoubt        Badvantage        Cchallenge Dprogram
10Aexamine     Btrust            Copen      Dexpress
11Aunfair      Bharmful          Cfearful   Dinconvenient
12Aoff         Bon               Cto        Dagainst
13Agreeted     Bpaid             Cserved    Dtreated
14Apains       Bproblems         Cinjuries  Dstresses
15Aflexible    Bfriendly         Cpositive  Dcaution
16Aquitting    Bdefending        Cwinning   Dbargaining
17Agoal        Brange            Cview      Dstandard
18Auntil       Bas               Cwhen      Dbefore
19Atired       Bproud            Cashamed   Dconfident
20Aplan        Bresponsibility   Creward    Dadvice
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:983评分:

四、阅读填空

报错
7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  When learning to drive, we’re told     1      (obey) the traffic rules and not to drive our vehicles too fastWhat surprises us   2   (be) that some young people just enjoy the feeling of driving cars or motorcycles at a very high speedJack,     3     18-year-old boy, is no exception
  Recently, Jack’s father has bought     4     a car, which is quite admired by his friendsWhen he is out in the country,     5     there are few people driving and the traffic rules are not strict, the boy will drive at top speedIn towns, however, there is always a speed limit, that is, fifty kilometers an hour, but Jack often drives much 6    (fast)
    One day, Jack was driving through towns when a young policeman, who was new to his work,   7   (stop) him and said, “I’m afraid you were driving at more than fifty kilometers an hour, SirPlease give me your name and address    8     (look) at the policeman carefully, Jack said to him, “Well, Sir, I started my journey less than an hour ago” On hearing this, he did not know the answer     9      Jack’s excuseHe thought for a few     10     (second) and then let Jack go
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:1004评分:
报错
8.  For forty years Jane Goodall has been ___1___ about making the rest of the world understand and __2__ the life of these animalsShe has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for ___3__ or advertisementShe has helped to set up special places where they can __4___  safelyShe is __5__ a busy life but she says:
难度系数:0.85-0.71浏览:1134评分:
报错
9.  Yuan Longping is quite satisfied ___1___ his lifeHowever, he doesn’t care about being famousHe feels it gives him less __2___ to do his researchHe would much __3___ keep time for his hobbiesHe enjoys listening to violin music, playing mah-jong, swimming and readingSpending money on himself or leading a comfortable life also ___4__ very little to himIndeed, he believes that a person with too much money has more rather than fewer troublesHe therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others __5_ their research in agriculture
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:991评分:

五、短文改错

报错
10.文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
     2.只允许修改10,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  At Wednesday evening, we went to the Town HallIt was the last day of the year and large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clockIt would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ timeFifteen minutes passed and then, at five past twelve, the clock stoppedThe big minute hand did not moveThey waited and waited, and nothing happenedSuddenly someone shouting, “It’s two minute past twelve! The clock has stopped!” I looked at my watchIt was trulyThe big clock which refused to welcome the New YearAt that moment, everybody begin to laugh and sing
难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:857评分:

六、书面表达

报错
11.
请根据下列提示以 “Helping Others Can Help you” 为题写一篇参加志愿者活动给我们带来的益处的英语短文。
1.获得生活经验和技能;
2.结交有趣的朋友;
3.回报社会,消除理解障碍(barrier)
4.你自己的看法。
注意:120词左右(开头已给出,不计入词数)。
Helping Others Can Help you
  Volunteering has a meaningful, positive effect on your communityBut did you know that it can have many benefits for you, too?
_______________________________________________________________________________
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:954评分:
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