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2016届山东省临沂市第二中学高三上学期期中考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三试卷类型:期中试卷适用省份:山东试卷年份:2015年题数:9浏览数:1645解析人:易题库

一、阅读理解

报错
1.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项。
International Exchange Programme
  The application form for participation on the exchange programme for 201617 can be found in Application Procedures
    Applying Qualification—Current Queen Mary undergraduate students(with the exception of students in Biomedical SciencesChemistryDentistry and Medicine)have qualifications to apply.
    Law Students—Students enrolled in The School of Law should contact Sheila Shirley(sshirley@qmulacuk)for details of study abroad opportunities.
    English and Drama Studen—Students cannot study abroad for the full academic year. Students will be able to spend only the autumn semester studying at one of our exchange partners·
    Applications
    A complete application will consist of the two-page application forma personal statement and a supporting academic referenceStudents should follow these application procedures. Applicants must ensure they have spoken to their departmental study abroad instructor before submitting their applicationApplications can be submitted in person at The Study Abroad Office(E09Ground FloorQueens’Building)or by email to hgibney@qmulacuk
New Exchange Partners for 20162017
For 201617 we hope to offer students the opportunity to study abroad at the following new partnersThe University of Pennsylvania—UPenn(USA)The University of Sydney(Australia) and Waseda University(Japan)Should we be unable to send students to any of these new institutions on exchangeand if you intend to include one or more of these destinations with your applicationplease provide at least one alternative destination from the list of other partner programmes
1Who can apply for the exchange programme?
  AStudents in Biomedical Sciences
  BStudents in Chemistry
  CStudents in Dentistry
  DStudents in English and Drama
2The law students who want to study abroad should______
  Aemail to hgibney@qmulacuk
  Bemail to sshirley@qmulacuk
  Cgo to E09Ground FloorQueens’Building
  Dgo to Masons Lecture Theatre HallBancroft Building
3What will you do if you can’t be sent to the new exchange partners?
  AWait for another proper opportunity
  BCancel your exchange programme
  CProvide another university from the list
  DContact the university by yourself
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报错
2.  Traveling to Cuba as an American is like jumping through hoops()To help you better prepare for your triphere are what you need to know about traveling to Cuba
    You wilI need to obtain a visa to travel to CubaYou’11 need to apply for the visa associated with your travel purposessuch as religious or medical travelfamily visitsor people-to-people travelwhich is the most common type of visa attained by Americans
    Because of the USrestrictionbanks have not yet been able to establish a foothold in Cubameaning it’s a cash—focused countryYou can exchange currency at the José Martí International Airport or at your hotelKeep in mind that there is a 10 percent fee to exchange UScurrency for Cuban currencyYou’11 also want to be sure to carry change for tips
    You can reserve a hotel room in Cuba onlineThen you can call to confirm your reservationYou can also book through a travel agencyHoweverpayment can be trickyEven if you pay for your room through your travel agentthe restriction may prevent your payment from reaching your hotel in time(another reason to book well in advance)Come prepared with enough cash to cover the costjust in case
    If you expect to find the blue watersvolcanic landscapes and beautiful villages of other nearby islandsyou’11 be disappointedBut beauty is not hard to find hereOld Havana—a UNESCO World Heritage Site—is home to splendid architecture and a bit of paladars(privately owned res—taurants)Limited economic opportunities have led Cubans to be creative in other waysYou can’t go two blocks without coming across street paintingsart studios and joyful ballet music
1Most Americans get the visa to Cuba by________
  Afamily visits
  Bpeople-to-people travel
  Creligious travel
  Dmedical travel
2How much will you pay if you want to exchange$1000 for Cuban money?
  A$20
  B$50
  C$100
  D$200
3Which does the author think is worth seeing in Cuba?
  AFantastic buildings
  BBlue waters
  CBeautiful villages
  DVolcanic landscapes
4Which can be the best title of the passage?
  AHow to prepare a travel?
  BTips on Visiting Cuba
  CRestrictions in Cuba
  DBe carefulAmericans
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报错
3.    Think about the last time you felt afraidWas it a fear of height?Did you oversleep on a weekday and fear you’d get into trouble at the office?In any caseyou know what it feels like to feel fear
    But one woman doesn’tThe womancode-named“UM”gave her first-ever interview after years of being studied by a team of researchersThe woman is given a code name because the researchers want to protect her from anyone who would take advantage of her inability to feel afraid
    UM can’t tell you what fear is because she’s never experienced it“I wonder what it’s like to actually be afraid of something”she saidThe formal name for the disease is Urbach-Wieth diseasewhich is characterized by a hoarse(粗哑的)voicesmall bumps around the eyesand calcium deposits(钙沉积的)in the brain
    In the case of UMthe disease has transformed the part of her brain that controls the human response to fearIn the interviewUM talks about an event in her life where she was held at knifepoint and gunpoint“I was walking to the storeand I saw a man on a park benchHe said‘Come hereplease’so I went over to himHe grabbed me by the shirtput a knife to my throat and told me he was going to cut meI told him‘Go ahead and cut me’I wasn’t afraid at a11And for some reasonhe let me go
    Doctors who have been studying UM’s condition for years have been trying different things that could strike fear into herThey finally figured something out—increasing UM’s carbon dioxide levelsExtra carbon dioxide concentration in the blood is known to cause fear and panic in health individualsIncreasing UM’s carbon dioxide levels did manage to give her a fright
1The text starts by_______
  Achallenging the reader
  Bsolving daily problems
  C1isting situations
  Dgiving explanations
2Why is the woman with Urbach-Wieth disease given a code name?
  ATo tell her case from other patients
  BTo respect her privacy
  CTo meet the researchers’demands
  DTo ensure her safety
3From UM’s casewe can know that Urbach-Wieth disease may________.
  Astop the brain from functioning normally
  B1ead to a decrease in calcium deposits
  Cstop the brain from responding quickly
  D1ead to an increase in carbon dioxide
4What will probably happen to UM?
  ADying of the Urbach-Wieth disease
  BGetting the sense of panic
  CExperiencing another danger
  DSpeaking with a hoarse voice
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:593评分:
报错
4.  Nearing the age of 101 has not slowed down one Japanese womanIn factin the swimming pool—she is only getting faster
  Recentlya 100-year-old Japanese woman became the world’s first centenarian to complete a 1500-meter freestyle swimming competition in a 25-meter poo1
  Her name is Mieko NagaokaMsNagaoka set a world record for her age group at a recent Japan Masters Swimming Association event in the western city of MatsuyamaShe swam the race in 1hour15 minutes and 54 seconds
  By comparisonthe overall female world record holder completed the same distance in just under 15 and a half minutesBut that swimmerKatie Ledeckyis only 17 years oldAnd MsNagaoka was not competing against herIn factMsNagaoka was the only competitor in the 100-104 year old categoryHer race was not a race of speed but of enduranceor not giving up
  Breaking swimming records is nothing new to MsNagaokaSo far she has broken 25 recordsBut she began competing when she was much younger—at 88.
  MsNagaoka sufferred a knee injury in her 80sso she began swimming to help her body recoverSince her first international swimming competitionshe hasn’t looked backexcept maybe to see if her competition is catching up
  In 2002at a masters swim meet in New ZealandMsNagaoka took the bronze medal in the 50-meter backstrokeIn 2004she won three silver medals at an Italian swim meet.
  Masters swimming is a special class of competitive swimming to promote health and friendship among participantsSwimmers compete within age groups of five years.
  Japan has a large number of people who live beyond 100 years oldUntil she passed away this monththe oldest person in the world was also from JapanMisao Okawa was born in 1 898She said her secrets for longevityor long lifewere good genesregular sleepsushi and exercise.
1The underlined word“centenarian”refers to someone who is____
  Afrom Japan
  B100 or older
  Can old competitor
  D.a new swimmer
2Which is possibly the age category of the masters swimming competition?
  A82 to 87 years old
  B93 to 97 years old.
  C95 to 99 years old
  D106 to 110 years old.
3It can be inferred from the passage that_____
  Asome people are born with longevity genes
  Bpeople who like swimming live longer
  Cthe Japanese are interested in swimming
  Dwoman usually live much longer than men
4Which can best explain the spirit of MsNagaoka?
  ANot to advance is to go back
  BAfter a storm comes a calm.
  CThe early bird catches the worm
  DKeep on goingnever give up.
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:424评分:
报错
5.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
    It’s reported that a male waiter recently poured boiling water over a female customer at a hot pot restaurant after the woman was caught complaining about the waiter’s bad service online.  1
    The female victimsurnamed Linreportedly got into an argument with the waitersurnamed Zhuwhen Zhu refused her repeated request for additional soup for her potLin was rushed to hospital and was diagnosed with severe bums on up to 40of her body 2
Many netizens criticized the waiter for being too impulsive and ignoring the possible consequencesbut some also accused Lin of being too pickyMeanwhilesome came up with a question worthy of discussion 3
    Many tragedies are caused by arguments and if the victim can control his or her anger and try to reach a compmmisethe tragedies could possibly be avoidedSometimes so-called“cowardliness”can be a form of self-protectionespecially when you are faced with strangers and you know little about their personalities
    4  When they calm down afterwardsthey would regret their“ridiculous”behavior and have to pay the price for the consequences·
    In Maya male driver in the southwestern city of Chengdu was captured on film intercepting a woman’s car and dragging her out of her seatthrowing her on the groundbefore cruelly kicking her several times on the headsimply because the woman suddenly changed lanes in front of his car.
    5   Forgive others’mistakes and avoid fueling others’angerAccordinglyyou may be less likely to suffer from unexpected troubles
    AWill the situation be out of control because of your anger?
    BIntolerance has contributed to lots of violent incidents
    CHow to keep ourselves safe when we argue with others?
    DThe waiter has been arrested for further investigation and trial
    EThis incident caused an outcry among netizens and opinion leaders
    FBut it is difficult to control our anger when we have conflict with others.
GSo next time you deal with conflictit is more advisable to control your temper and say“sorry”with a smile
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二、完形填空

报错
6.阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  Feb5 was a bad day for meMy doctor  1  me and my parents that I had  2  cancer and that I had only a few months to liveI became so sad that I immediately  3 .  
  Now I am actually  4  for all that has happened to meI realize I would have never had to reflect and rethink about the purpose of my  5  if I had never been so close to  6  ·
  Had I not been  7  to this limitI would not have developed a deep  8  of the beautiful gift of life and of everything around meI also would not have thought about how I wanted to  9  the people around me in a positive way before leaving the world
  This is no  10 I don’t even think it is sad in the  11  way to be honestI’ve been so 12 in my lifeI’ve lived in Parisserved the Peace Corps in Perufallen madly in love with the most  13 girlhave the most fantastic 14 and friends anyone could ever ask for…and the  15 just goes on
  I  16 believe everything happens for a reasonIf terminal cancer had not  17 to meI would not have been able to  18  my closest friends and family to appreciate the beautiful gift of life a little more and live more appreciative and  19  lives with my storyThis is the purpose of my life I had been 20 all of my lifeIn factthat is the reason I’ve decided to write this article and go public with my story as wellIt is also the reason why I amafter all that I’ve been through in the past few monthsthankful for terminal cancer
1Ainspected        Binformed      Cinsulted      Dinterviewed
2Atypical          Bsensible      Csupreme       Dterminal
3Acried            Bburst         Cbarked        Dnumbed
4Acheerful         Bscared        Cgrateful      Dglad
5A1ife             Bsoul          Cfaith         Dgrowth
6Aburden           Bchaos         Ccreed         Ddeath
7Ahooked           Bpushed        Cdragged       Dmarched
8Agratitude        Bperseverance  Cappreciation  Dromance
9Aseize            Baffect        Cflatter       Ddominate
10Atarget          Btolerance     Cmercy         Dtragedy
11Aslightest       Bhighest       Cfarthest      D1ongest
12Aexcited         Bblessed       Cinterested    Ddeclined
13Aexotic          Bcourageous    Csensitive     Damazing
14Aauthor          Bacquaintance  Cfamily        Dcitizen
15Adeed            B1ist          Cdoom          Dscene
16Astrongly        Bdecently      Cgenerally     Dapproximately
17Abelonged        Battached      Chappened      Dappealed
18Ainspire         Bsuggest       Ccommand       Ddemand
19Anegative        Bobjective     Csubjective    Dpositive
20Asearching for   Bcaring for    Caccounting for Dapplying for
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三、单词拼写

报错
7.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Tu Yoyo84was  1  (honor)with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Oct 5She was the first Chinese citizen  2  win a Nobel Prize in scienceTu  3 (share)the prize with the Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan
    Tu  4 (be)a researcher at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine nowShe was given the prize for developing artemisinin(青蒿素)a new drug therapy against malaria(疟疾) 5  has saved millions of lives worldwideespecially in developing countries
    Tu and her colleagues joined a government project to find a new malaria drug  6  the late 1960sThey made 380 herbal extracts from two thousand recipes from traditional Chinese medical booksIn 1971after nearly two hundred  7 (failure)Tu’s team 8 (find)found an extract that was 100effective against the malaria parasites—artemisininIn 2001the World Health Organization made artemisinin  9 (it)first choice in the treatment of malaria
“The discovery of artemisinin is a gift to mankind from traditional Chinese medicineIt’s the collective achievement of the research team. 10  (win)the prize is an honor for Chinese science and traditional Chinese medicine”Tu said
难度系数:0.70-0.56浏览:393评分:

四、短文改错

报错
8.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
    1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
    I’m more than happy to hear youYou told me you were having trouble leam Chinese and wanted some advices from me
    Firstlywhy not to learn to sing Chinese songs?It’s a good way to learn Chinese and can make you feel relaxingSecondlyyou can make some Chinese friendsAlthough you get along well with itthey will help you to learn ChineseBesideit will be helpful if you watched some Chinese TV programmes and read some Chinese novelsFinallyjoining a club is also the good way to learn ChineseIn this wayyou will get more chances to practice Chinese
I hope the suggestions will be useful
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五、书面表达

报错
9.一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是寻找身边的榜样。请根据下列要求完成短文。
1.身边的榜样是谁;
2.主要事迹/表现。
注意:1.词数100左右:
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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难度系数:0.55-0.41浏览:459评分:
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